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Chronological History of Authorized Judgeships

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Chronological History of Authorized Judgeships in the U.S. District Courts

This section provides dates and legislative authority for establishment, realignment, and creation of additional judgeships for the U.S. District Courts.

Information in this section is based on "Federal District Court Judges and the History of Their Courts", Erwin C. Surrency, 40 Federal Rules Decisions 139 and U.S. Statutes at Large.

Please choose a state.

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas

California
Canal Zone
Colorado
Connecticut

Delaware
District of Columbia

Florida

Georgia
Guam

Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa

Kansas
Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Northern Mariana Islands

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon

Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island

South Carolina
South Dakota

Tennessee
Texas

Utah

Vermont
Virgin Islands
Virginia

Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alabama

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1820 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 16 Cong. Ch. 47, April 21, 1820.
1824 State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern with one judgeship serving both districts — 18 Cong. Ch. 28, March 10, 1824.
1839 Middle District created with one judgeship serving all three districts — 25 Cong. Ch. 20, February 6, 1839.
1886 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District with existing judgeship converted to serve the Northern and Middle Districts only — 49 Cong. Ch. 842, August 2, 1886.
1907 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 1198, February 25, 1907.
1936 Existing judgeship for the Northern and Middle Districts converted to serve the Middle District only — 74 Cong. Ch. 515, June 5, 1936.
1938 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 53, March 26, 1938. This position was never made permanent.
1942 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 77 Cong. Ch. 827, December 24, 1942.
1961 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created to serve both the Middle and Southern Districts — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Existing judgeship serving the Middle and Southern Districts converted to serve the Southern District only. One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, and one additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
2002 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 13, 1 Temporary
Northern District 7, 1 Temporary
Middle District 3
Southern District 3

Alaska

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1958 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — Pub. L. No. 85-508, July 7, 1958.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 3

Arizona

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1913 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 63 Cong. Ch. 17, October 3, 1913.
1922 One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1935 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1999 Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
2000 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
2002 One temporary judgeship created, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 12, 1 Temporary

Arkansas

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1836 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 24 Cong. Ch. 100, June 15, 1836.
1851 State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 31 Cong. Ch. 24, March 3, 1851.
1871 One judgeship authorized for the Western District and the judgeship previously authorized to serve both districts was made a judgeship for the Eastern District only — 41 Cong. Ch. 106, March 3, 1871.
1938 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1961 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One temporary judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created and one temporary judgeship made permanent in the Western District, and two judgeships authorized to serve both districts were made judgeships for the Eastern District only —Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 8
Eastern District 5
Western District 3

California

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1850 New state was organized into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 31 Cong. Ch. 86, September 28, 1850.
1866 State reorganized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 39 Cong. Ch. 280, July 27, 1866.
1886 State again divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 49 Cong. Ch. 928, August 5, 1886.
1907 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 2575, March 2, 1907.
1914 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 63 Cong. Ch. 216, July 30, 1914.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one permanent judgeship created for the Southern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1927 Temporary judgeship in the Northern District made permanent — 69 Cong. Ch. 336, March 3, 1927.
1930 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 633, June 27, 1930.
1935 Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 425, August 2, 1935.
1938 One additional judgeship created for each district — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1940 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1946 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 79 Cong. Ch. 413, June 15, 1946.
1949 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District and two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 Districts rearranged and two additional districts, Eastern and Central created. The new Eastern District received three judgeships — one from the Southern District and two from the Northern District. The new Central District received ten judgeships from the Southern District and three new judgeships bringing the total for that district to 13. The Northern District was authorized two new judgeships to replace the ones transferred to the Eastern District. This brought the total for the Northern District back to nine. The Southern District was left with two judgeships — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, three for the Central District, and three for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, three for the Eastern District, one for the Central District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 Five additional judgeships created for the Central District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, five for the Central District, one for the Southern District, and one temporary for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. Temporary judgeship for the Eastern District was never made permanent.
1997 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2002 One temporary judgeship created for the Central District and five additional judgeships created for the Southern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship in the Central District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship in the Central District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 60, 1 Temporary
Northern District 14
Eastern District 6
Central District 27, 1 Temporary
Southern District 13

Canal Zone

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1934 Established as one judicial district with one judgeship pursuant to the Canal Zone Code — 73 Cong. Ch. 667, June 19, 1934.
1979 District court closed as of March 31, 1982 — Pub. L. No. 96-70, September 27, 1979.
Total Judgeships 0

Colorado

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1876 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 44 Cong. Ch. 147, June 26, 1876.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 7

Connecticut

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1789 District court organized under the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1927 One additional judgeship created — 69 Cong. Ch. 300, March 3, 1927.
1961 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 8

Delaware

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1789 District court organized under the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1946 One temporary judgeship created — 79 Cong. Ch. 602, July 24, 1946.
1950 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 848, September 5, 1950.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 4

District of Columbia

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1863 A court was established in the District of Columbia to be called the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia with four judgeships. Any of the judges could hold United States district court for the District of Columbia in the same manner and with the same powers and jurisdiction possessed and exercised by other district courts — 37 Cong. Ch. 91, March 3, 1863.
1870 One additional judgeship created — 41 Cong. Ch. 141, June 21, 1870.
1879 One additional judgeship created — 45 Cong. Ch. 99, February 25, 1879.
1928 One additional judgeship created — 70 Cong. Ch. 41, December 20, 1928.
1930 Two additional judgeships created — 71 Cong. Ch. 537, June 19, 1930.
1936 Act of March 3, 1863 was amended. Name of the court was changed to the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia — 74 Cong. Ch. 804, June 25, 1936.
1938 Three additional judgeships created — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1949 Three additional judgeships created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
Total Judgeships 15

Florida

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1845 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 28 Cong. Ch. 75, March 3, 1845.
1847 State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 29 Cong. Ch. 20, February 23, 1847.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. Temporary judgeship for the Southern District was never made permanent.
1929 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 72, January 17, 1929.
1930 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 635, June 27, 1930.
1940 One temporary judgeship created to serve entire state — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1949 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1962 New Middle District created. Three judgeships of the Southern District were assigned to the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 87-562, July 30, 1962.
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one for the Middle District and two for the Southern District. The statewide judgeship made permanent in 1949 was converted to a permanent position in the Middle District only — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District and two additional for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, three for the Middle District and five for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, two for the Middle District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1999 Four additional judgeships created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
2000 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
2002 One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship in the Southern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship in the Southern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 36, 1 Temporary
Northern District 4
Middle District 15
Southern District 17, 1 Temporary

Georgia

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1789 State organized as one judicial district by the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1848 State was divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship serving both districts — 30 Cong. Ch. 151, August 11, 1848.
1882 Separate judgeship authorized for each district — 47 Cong. Ch. 87, April 25, 1882.
1915 One additional temporary judgeship created for the Southern District. This position was never converted to a permanent judgeship — 63 Cong. Ch. 96, March 3, 1915.
1926 State reorganized into three judicial districts with one judgeship for each district — 69 Cong. Ch. 414, May 28, 1926.
1940 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1949 Temporary position created for the Middle District — 81 Cong. Ch. 37, March 29, 1949.
  Temporary position in the Northern District was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1961 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and the temporary judgeship in the Middle District made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Five additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 18
Northern District 11
Middle District 4
Southern District 3

Guam

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1950 Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 81 Cong. Ch. 512, August 1, 1950.
Total Judgeships 1 (Article I)

Hawaii

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1900 A Federal District Court was established and presided over by one judge appointed for a six-year term — 56 Cong. Ch. 339, April 30, 1900.
1909 One additional judgeship created — 60 Cong. Ch. 269, March 3, 1909.
1959 Admitted as a state, Federal District Court established as a constitutional court with two judgeships — Pub. L. No. 86-3, March 18, 1959.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2009 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009.
2011 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-10, April 15, 2011.
  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-74, December 23, 2011.
2013 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 3, 1 Temporary

Idaho

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1890 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 656, July 3, 1890.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
Total Judgeships 2

Illinois

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1819 New state was organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 70, March 3, 1819.
1855 State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 33 Cong. Ch. 96, February 13, 1855.
1905 State divided into three judicial districts, Northern, Eastern, and Southern, with two judgeships in Northern and one in each of the other districts — 58 Cong. Ch. 1427, March 3, 1905.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one temporary for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1928 Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Northern District was made permanent — 70 Cong. Ch. 882, May 29, 1928.
1930 Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Eastern District was made permanent — 71 Cong. Ch. 852, July 3, 1930.
1931 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District and two for the Northern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 244, February 20, 1931, and 71 Cong. Ch. 296, February 25, 1931.
1938 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1940 Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940. This position was never made permanent.
1950 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 708, August 14, 1950.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 State reorganized into Northern, Central and Southern Districts with 13 judgeships for the Northern District and two each for the Central and Southern Districts — Pub. L. No. 95-408, October 2, 1978, and Pub. L. No. 95-573, November 2, 1978.
  Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Central District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 Four additional permanent judgeships and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional permanent judgeship for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one temporary judgeship created for the Central District, one temporary judgeship created for the Southern District, and temporary judgeship created for the Northern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeships were extended in the Central District and the Southern District of Illinois — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2002 The temporary judgeships created in 1990 for the Central District and the Southern District were made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
Total Judgeships 30
Northern District 22
Central District 4
Southern District 4

Indiana

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1817 New state was organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 14 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1817.
1925 One additional judgeship was created — 68 Cong. Ch. 83, January 16, 1925.
1928 State was divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 70 Cong. Ch. 393, April 21, 1928.
1954 One additional judgeship created for each district — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1978 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Temporary judgeship created in 1984 for the Northern District was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 10
Northern District 5
Southern District 5

Iowa

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1845 Iowa was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 28 Cong. Ch. 76, March 3, 1845.
1882 State divided into two judicial districts with one judgeship each — 47 Cong. Ch. 312, July 20, 1882.
1928 Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 10, January 19, 1928. This position was never made permanent.
1961 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District, and the judgeship authorized to serve both districts was made a judgeship for the Northern District only — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 5
Northern District 2
Southern District 3

Kansas

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1861 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 36 Cong. Ch. 20, January 29, 1861.
1949 One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Temporary judgeship made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2007 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-5, February 15, 2007.
  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-161, December 26, 2007.
2009 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009.
2011 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-10, April 15, 2011.
  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-74, December 23, 2011.
2013 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 5, 1 Temporary

Kentucky

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1789 Judiciary Act of 1789 established one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1901 State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 56 Cong. Ch. 355, February 12, 1901.
1936 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 696, June 22, 1936.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1970 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Two additional permanent judgeships and one temporary created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978. The temporary judgeship was never made permanent.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
2000 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
Total Judgeships 10
Eastern District 5
Western District 4
Eastern & Western Districts 1

Louisiana

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1812 State established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 12 Cong. Ch. 50, April 8, 1812.
1823 State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both — 17 Cong. Ch. 44, March 3, 1823.
1845 State again made one judicial district — 28 Cong. Ch. 5, February 13, 1845.
1849 State again divided into Eastern and Western districts with a judgeship for each district — 30 Cong. Ch. 114, March 3, 1849.
1866 State again made one judicial district with one judgeship — 39 Cong. Ch. 280, July 27, 1866.
1881 State again divided into Eastern and Western Districts with a judgeship for each district — 46 Cong. Ch. 144, March 3, 1881.
1938 One additional judgeship created for each district — 75 Cong. Ch. 47, March 18, 1938, and 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one additional for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 Four additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1971 New Middle District created. One judgeship from the Eastern District was transferred to the new district — Pub. L. No. 92-208, December 18, 1971.
1978 Four additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 One permanent judgeship was transferred from the Eastern District to the Middle District of Louisiana — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
Total Judgeships 22
Eastern District 12
Middle District 3
Western District 7

Maine

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1789 Area now constituting the state of Maine was created as a judicial district by the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 3

Maryland

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship by the Judiciary Act of 1789 — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1910 One temporary judgeship created — 61 Cong. Ch. 56, February 24, 1910. This position was never made permanent.
1927 Second permanent judgeship was created — 69 Cong. Ch. 297, March 3, 1927.
1961 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 10

Massachusetts

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship by the Judiciary Act of 1789 — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1922 Two additional temporary judgeships created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1935 Both temporary judgeships made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1938 One additional temporary judgeship created — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1941 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 77 Cong. Ch. 479, November 21, 1941.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 Four additional judgeships created —Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created and the temporary judgeship created in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 13

Michigan

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1836 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 24 Cong. Ch. 234, July 1, 1836.
1863 State divided into two judicial districts — Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 37 Cong. Ch. 54, February 24, 1863.
1922 Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1925 Temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 68 Cong. Ch. 254, February 17, 1925. This position was never made permanent.
1927 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 69 Cong. Ch. 344, March 3, 1927.
1931 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 245, February 20, 1931.
1935 Temporary judgeship for Eastern District made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1938 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and two for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One temporary judgeship created in the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
Total Judgeships 19
Eastern District 15
Western District 4

Minnesota

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1858 State established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 35 Cong. Ch. 31, May 11, 1858.
1903 One additional judgeship created — 57 Cong. Ch. 402, February 4, 1903.
1922 One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. This judgeship was never made permanent.
1925 One temporary judgeship created — 68 Cong. Ch. 397, March 2, 1925.
1930 One additional permanent judgeship created — 71 Cong. Ch. 346, May 28, 1930.
1935 Temporary judgeship created in 1925 was made a permanent judgeship — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1978 One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional permanent judgeship created and one temporary judgeship created in 1978 was made a permanent judgeship — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 7

Mississippi

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1818 New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 29, April 3, 1818.
1838 State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship presiding in both — 25 Cong. Ch. 115, June 18, 1838.
1929 The existing judgeship was made a judgeship for the Southern District only. One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 418, March 1, 1929.
1961 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created in the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 9
Northern District 3
Southern District 6

Missouri

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1822 State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 17 Cong. Ch. 12, March 16, 1822.
1857 State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 34 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1857.
1922 Temporary judgeship created for each district — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1935 Both temporary judgeships created in 1922 were made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1936 One judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 693, June 22, 1936.
1942 One temporary judgeship created to serve both districts — 77 Cong. Ch. 817, December 24, 1942.
1954 Temporary position created in 1942 made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and two for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship created in the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2005 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was further extended — Pub. L. No. 109-115, November 30, 2005.
2013 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 13, 1 Temporary
Eastern District 6, 1 Temporary
Western District 5
Eastern & Western District 2

Montana

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1889 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 50 Cong. Ch. 180, February 22, 1889.
1922 One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1938 Temporary position created in 1922 made permanent — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1984 One additional judgeship was created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 3

Nebraska

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1867 State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 40 Cong. Ch. 7, March 25, 1867.
1907 One additional judgeship created — 59 Cong. Ch. 2073, February 27, 1907.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1990 One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
1997 The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
Total Judgeships 3

Nevada

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1865 State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 38 Cong. Ch. 64, February 27, 1865.
1954 One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954. This position was never made permanent.
1961 One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1999 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
2000 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
Total Judgeships 7

New Hampshire

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 3

New Jersey

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1905 One additional judgeship created — 58 Cong. Ch. 1418, March 3, 1905.
1916 One additional judgeship created — 64 Cong. Ch. 64, April 11, 1916.
1922 One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1932 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 72 Cong. Ch. 196, May 20, 1932.
1940 One temporary judgeship created — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1944 Temporary judgeship made permanent — 78 Cong. Ch. 663, December 22, 1944.
1949 One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created. Temporary was never made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 17

New Mexico

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1910 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 61 Cong. Ch. 310, June 20, 1910.
1954 One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Temporary judgeship made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
2000 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
2002 One temporary judgeship created, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 6, 1 Temporary

New York

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1801 State divided into two judicial districts (one judgeship serving both) — 6 Cong. Ch. 4, February 13, 1801.
1802 Act of February 13, 1801, repealed and state reverted to one judicial district (with one judgeship) — 7 Cong. Ch. 8, March 8, 1802.
1812 One additional judgeship created — 12 Cong. Ch. 71, April 29, 1812.
1814 State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 13 Cong. Ch. 49, April 9, 1814.
1865 Eastern District created from counties of the Southern District with separate judgeship authorized for new district — 38 Cong. Ch. 54, February 25, 1865.
1900 Western District created from counties of the Northern District with a separate judgeship authorized for the new district — 56 Cong. Ch. 391, May 12, 1900.
1903 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 57 Cong. Ch. 527, February 9, 1903.
1906 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 2557, May 26, 1906.
1909 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 60 Cong. Ch. 242, March 2, 1909.
1910 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 61 Cong. Ch. 410, June 25, 1910.
1922 Two temporary judgeships created for the Southern District and one temporary for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1927 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Western District — 69 Cong. Ch. 338, March 3, 1927, and 69 Cong. Ch. 332, March 3, 1927.
1929 Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 334, February 26, 1929.
1929 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 380, February 28, 1929.
1935 One additional judgeship created in the Eastern District and the temporary created in 1922 was made permanent. The two temporary judgeships created in 1922 for the Southern District were made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1936 Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 544, June 15, 1936.
1938 One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1940 One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District (position was never made permanent) — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  Temporary judgeship created in 1938 for the Southern District was made permanent — 76 Cong. Ch. 282, June 8, 1940.
1949 Four additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Six additional judgeships created for the Southern District and two additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District and one additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, two additional judgeships for the Eastern District and one temporary judgeship for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Three additional judgeships created in the Eastern District, one in the Southern District, one temporary judgeship created in the Northern District, and the temporary position created for the Western District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2002 Temporary judgeship created in 1990 for the Northern District was made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
Total Judgeships 52
Northern District 5
Eastern District 15
Southern District 28
Western District 4

North Carolina

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1790 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 17, June 4, 1790.
1872 State organized into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district — 42 Cong. Ch. 282, June 4, 1872.
1927 State organized into three judicial districts, Eastern, Middle, and Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district — 69 Cong. Ch. 276, March 2, 1927.
1961 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970. This position was never made permanent.
1978 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District, and the temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
2002 One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship created for the Western District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
Total Judgeships 12, 1 Temporary
Eastern District 4
Middle District 4
Western District 4, 1 Temporary

North Dakota

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1890 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 161, April 26, 1890.
1954 One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
Total Judgeships 2

Northern Mariana Islands

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1977 Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — Pub. L. No. 95-157, November 8, 1977.
Total Judgeships 1 (Article I)

Ohio

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1803 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 7 Cong. Ch. 7, February 19, 1803.
1855 State divided into two districts, Northern and Southern, with a judgeship authorized for each district — 33 Cong. Ch. 73, February 10, 1855.
1900 Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 56 Cong. Ch. 3, December 19, 1900. This position was never made permanent.
1907 Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 1189, February 25, 1907. This position was never made permanent.
1910 One additional judgeship created for each district — 61 Cong. Ch. 57, February 24, 1910.
1922 Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1935 Temporary judgeship created in 1922 was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1937 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 771, August 25, 1937.
1941 Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 77 Cong. Ch. 83, May 1, 1941.
1949 Temporary judgeship created in 1941 was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one temporary created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961. (Neither temporary judgeship was ever made permanent.)
1966 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional temporary judgeship, one temporary judgeship created in 1978 made permanent for the Northern District and one additional permanent judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created in the Southern District, one temporary judgeship created in the Northern District and the temporary judgeship created for the Northern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2002 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2007 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-161, December 26, 2007.
2009 The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009. Temporary judgeship was never made permanent.
Total Judgeships 19
Northern District 11
Southern District 8

Oklahoma

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1906 State organized as two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 59 Cong. Ch. 3335, June 16, 1906.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1925 State reorganized into three judicial districts, Northern, Eastern and Western. The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was transferred to the new Northern District and made permanent — 68 Cong. Ch. 233, February 16, 1925.
1936 One judgeship created to serve all three districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 694, June 22, 1936.
1940 One temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1949 Temporary judgeship for Western District was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1961 One judgeship created to serve all three districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one additional for the Western District, and one of the two judgeships previously authorized to serve all three districts was made a judgeship for the Western District only — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 11
Northern District 3
Eastern District 1
Western District 6
Northern, Eastern, & Western Districts 1

Oregon

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1859 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 35 Cong. Ch. 85, March 3, 1859.
1909 One additional judgeship created — 60 Cong. Ch. 243, March 2, 1909.
1949 One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1978 Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 6

Pennsylvania

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1789 State organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1815 State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 15 Cong. Ch. 108, April 20, 1818.
1901 Middle district created with one judgeship — 56 Cong. Ch. 801, March 2, 1901.
1904 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 58 Cong. Ch. 857, April 1, 1904.
1909 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 60 Cong. Ch. 215, February 26, 1909.
1914 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 63 Cong. Ch. 20, February 16, 1914. This position was never made permanent.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern and one temporary for the Western District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. The position for the Eastern District was never made permanent.
1927 One additional permanent judgeship created for the Eastern District — 69 Cong. Ch. 298, March 3, 1927.
1929 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — 70 Cong. Ch. 358, February 28, 1929.
1935 Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Western District was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1936 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 585, June 16, 1936.
1938 Temporary judgeship created in 1936 for the Eastern District made permanent — 75 Cong. Ch. 528, June 20, 1938.
1940 Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
1944 Temporary judgeship created in 1940 for the Eastern District made permanent — 78 Cong. Ch. 521, December 7, 1944.
1946 Temporary judgeship created to serve all three districts — 79 Cong. Ch. 600, July 24, 1946. This position was never made permanent.
1949 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1950 Temporary judgeship created in 1949 for the Western District made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 819, August 29, 1950.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one additional permanent plus one temporary created for the Western District. The temporary judgeship created by 79 Cong. Ch. 602, to serve all three districts was amended to transfer the temporary judgeship to the Middle District if a vacancy occurred in the Middle District during the term of the temporary judgeship — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one additional for the Middle District, two additional for the Western District, and the temporary judgeship created in 1954 for the Western District was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 Three temporary judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966. One of these positions was never made permanent.
1970 Six additional judgeships created plus two temporaries made permanent in the Eastern District, one temporary created for the Middle District, and two additional judgeships created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970. The temporary position created for the Middle District was never made permanent.
1978 Two additional judgeships created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
Total Judgeships 38
Eastern District 22
Middle District 6
Western District 10

Puerto Rico

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1917 Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 64 Cong. Ch. 145, March 2, 1917.
1961 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Four additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
Total Judgeships 7

Rhode Island

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1790 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 21, June 23, 1790.
1966 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
Total Judgeships 3

South Carolina

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1823 State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 17 Cong. Ch. 11, February 21, 1823.
  These districts were not districts in the same sense as those which were later established in the state. Bartlett v. U.S., 169 U.S. 218, held that South Carolina constituted but one judicial district.
1911 State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 61 Cong. Ch. 231, March 3, 1911.
1915 One additional judgeship created to provide one judge in each district — 63 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1915.
1929 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 70 Cong. Ch. 337, February 26, 1929.
1961 One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1965 State reorganized as one judicial district — Pub. L. No. 89-242, October 7, 1965.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
2000 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
Total Judgeships 10

South Dakota

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1890 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 21, February 27, 1890.
1929 One temporary judgeship was created — 70 Cong. Ch. 333, February 26, 1929. This judgeship was never made permanent.
1954 One temporary judgeship was created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1957 Temporary judgeship created in 1954 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 85-310, September 7, 1957.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
Total Judgeships 3

Tennessee

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1797 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 4 Cong. Ch. 2, January 31, 1797.
1802 State divided into two districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 7 Cong. Ch. 31, April 29, 1802.
1839 State divided into three judicial districts, Eastern, Middle and Western, with one judgeship serving all three districts — 25 Cong. Ch. 3, January 18, 1839.
1878 A separate judgeship was created for the Western District with the existing judgeship having jurisdiction over the Eastern and Middle Districts — 45 Cong. Ch. 196, June 14, 1878.
1922 A separate judgeship was created for the Middle District thus establishing one judgeship for each of the three districts — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1940 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 920, November 27, 1940.
1954 Temporary judgeship created for the Middle District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954. This position was never made permanent.
1961 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship was created for the Eastern District and one additional judgeship was created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 14
Eastern District 5
Middle District 4
Western District 5

Texas

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1845 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 29 Cong. Ch. 1, December 29, 1845.
1857 State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 34 Cong. Ch. 57, February 21, 1857.
1879 Northern District was created with one judgeship — 45 Cong. Ch. 97, February 24, 1879.
1898 Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District. This position was never made permanent — 55 Cong. Ch. 15, February 9, 1898.
1902 Southern District created with one judgeship — 57 Cong. Ch. 183, March 11, 1902.
1917 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 64 Cong. Ch. 120, February 26, 1917.
1919 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 65 Cong. Ch. 50, February 26, 1919.
1922 One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
1935 Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Northern District was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
1938 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1949 Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one for the Southern District. Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District in 1949 was made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, one for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1966 Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 One additional judgeship created for each of the four districts — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Five additional judgeships created for the Southern District, three for the Northern District, one for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship was created for the Northern District, two for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 Two additional judgeships were created for the Northern District, one for the Eastern District, five for the Southern District and three for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
2000 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
2002 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District and 2 additional judgeships created for the Western District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
2013 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
2014 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
Total Judgeships 51, 1 Temporary
Northern District 12
Eastern District 7, 1 Temporary
Southern District 19
Western District 13

Utah

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1894 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 53 Cong. Ch. 138, July 16, 1894.
1954 One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1961 Temporary judgeship created in 1954 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 5

Vermont

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1791 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 12, March 2, 1791.
1966 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
Total Judgeships 2

Virgin Islands

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1936 Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 74 Cong. Ch. 699, June 22, 1936.
1970 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
Total Judgeships 2 (Article I)

Virginia

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1789 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
1819 Western District created with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 12, February 4, 1819.
1871 State was again divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 41 Cong. Ch. 35, February 3, 1871.
1935 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 425, August 2, 1935.
1938 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1966 Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 Two additional judgeships created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
1997 The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
2000 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
2002 The temporary judgeship created in 1990 for the Eastern District was made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
Total Judgeships 15
Eastern District 11
Western District 4

Washington

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1890 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 65, April 5, 1890.
1905 State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with a separate judgeship for each district — 58 Cong. Ch. 1305, March 2, 1905.
1909 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 60 Cong. Ch. 243, March 2, 1909.
1938 One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
1940 The judgeship created for the Western District in 1938 was made a judgeship for both the Eastern and Western Districts — 76 Cong. Ch. 11, January 20, 1940.
1961 The existing judgeship serving both districts was made permanent in the Western District only and one additional judgeship was created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
1978 Existing judgeship serving both districts was made judgeship for the Western District only. One additional judgeship was created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1984 One additional permanent judgeship created for the Eastern District, one additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and the temporary judgeship created for the Western District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 11
Eastern District 4
Western District 7

West Virginia

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1864 State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 38 Cong. Ch. 120, June 11, 1864.
1901 State was divided into two judicial districts with a separate judgeship authorized for each district — 56 Cong. Ch. 105, January 22, 1901.
1921 Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District. This position was never made permanent — 67 Cong. Ch. 30, June 25, 1921.
1936 Temporary judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 695, June 22, 1936.
1954 Temporary judgeship created in 1936 was made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1970 One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
1983 Existing judgeship serving both districts was made judgeship for the Southern District only; the 1978 temporary judgeship for the Southern District was made a permanent judgeship for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 97-471, January 14, 1983.
1990 One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 8
Northern District 3
Southern District 5

Wisconsin

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1848 State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 30 Cong. Ch. 50, May 29, 1848.
1870 State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with a separate judgeship authorized for each district — 41 Cong. Ch. 175, June 29, 1870.
1954 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
1966 Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
1970 Temporary judgeship created in 1966 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
1978 One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
2000 One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
Total Judgeships 7
Eastern District 5
Western District 2

Wyoming

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1890 State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 664, July 10, 1890.
1984 One additional judgeship was created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
1990 One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
Total Judgeships 3