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Where the Money Goes in FY 2008
Congress completed action on the Judiciary's appropriations on December 20, 2007, and the President signed the spending bill on December 26, 2007. The Judiciary was finally able to disperse $6.25 billion to its judicial branch accounts. Appropriation levels, combined with carry forward amounts from fiscal year 2007, put the Judiciary on very solid ground financially for fiscal year 2008.
Of the Judiciary's total funding, 5 percent funds the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, the Court of International Trade, the Administrative Office, the Federal Judicial Center, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, and the Judiciary Trust Fund. The remaining 95 percent goes to the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services—for the Salaries and Expenses, Defender Services, Court Security, and Fees of Jurors accounts.
Of the four accounts, the Salaries and Expenses account receives 78 percent of the funding, the largest share. From this account, courts must pay rent, judges and court personnel salaries and benefits, their operating expenses, and information technology and other expenses.
The Defender Services account receives 14 percent of the money, funding federal public defender and community defender organizations, compensation for private attorneys representing indigent defendants, and fees of persons providing investigative, expert, and other services under the Criminal Justice Act.
The Court Security account receives 7 percent. This account provides funds, which are subsequently transferred to the U.S. Marshals Service and the Federal Protective Service, for the procurement, installation, and maintenance of security equipment, and for protective services, including contract security officers for the courts.
The Fees for Jurors account, 1 percent of the court's total funding, pays for juror fees and expenses.