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Chronological History of Authorized Judgeships - District Courts

This section provides dates and legislative authority for establishment, realignment, and creation of additional judgeships for the U.S. District Courts.

Information in this section is based on "Federal District Court Judges and the History of Their Courts", Erwin C. Surrency, 40 Federal Rules Decisions 139 and U.S. Statutes at Large.

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Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Canal Zone, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Mariana Islands, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virgin Islands, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Alabama

  • 1820: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 16 Cong. Ch. 47, April 21, 1820.
  • 1824: State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern with one judgeship serving both districts — 18 Cong. Ch. 28, March 10, 1824.
  • 1839: Middle District created with one judgeship serving all three districts — 25 Cong. Ch. 20, February 6, 1839.
  • 1886: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District with existing judgeship converted to serve the Northern and Middle Districts only — 49 Cong. Ch. 842, August 2, 1886.
  • 1907: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 1198, February 25, 1907.
  • 1936: Existing judgeship for the Northern and Middle Districts converted to serve the Middle District only — 74 Cong. Ch. 515, June 5, 1936.
  • 1938: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 53, March 26, 1938. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1942: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 77 Cong. Ch. 827, December 24, 1942.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created to serve both the Middle and Southern Districts — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Existing judgeship serving the Middle and Southern Districts converted to serve the Southern District only. One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, and one additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 13, 1 Temporary

Northern District 7, 1 Temporary

Middle District 3

Southern District 3

Alaska

  • 1958: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — Pub. L. No. 85-508, July 7, 1958.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 3

Arizona

  • 1913: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 63 Cong. Ch. 17, October 3, 1913.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1999: Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 12, 1 Temporary

Arkansas

  • 1836: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 24 Cong. Ch. 100, June 15, 1836.
  • 1851: State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 31 Cong. Ch. 24, March 3, 1851.
  • 1871: One judgeship authorized for the Western District and the judgeship previously authorized to serve both districts was made a judgeship for the Eastern District only — 41 Cong. Ch. 106, March 3, 1871.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One temporary judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created and one temporary judgeship made permanent in the Western District, and two judgeships authorized to serve both districts were made judgeships for the Eastern District only —Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 8

Eastern District 5

Western District 3

California

  • 1850: New state was organized into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 31 Cong. Ch. 86, September 28, 1850.
  • 1866: State reorganized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 39 Cong. Ch. 280, July 27, 1866.
  • 1886: State again divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 49 Cong. Ch. 928, August 5, 1886.
  • 1907: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 2575, March 2, 1907.
  • 1914: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 63 Cong. Ch. 216, July 30, 1914.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one permanent judgeship created for the Southern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1927: Temporary judgeship in the Northern District made permanent — 69 Cong. Ch. 336, March 3, 1927.
  • 1930: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 633, June 27, 1930.
  • 1935: Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 425, August 2, 1935.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for each district — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1940: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1946: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 79 Cong. Ch. 413, June 15, 1946.
  • 1949: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District and two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: Districts rearranged and two additional districts, Eastern and Central created. The new Eastern District received three judgeships — one from the Southern District and two from the Northern District. The new Central District received ten judgeships from the Southern District and three new judgeships bringing the total for that district to 13. The Northern District was authorized two new judgeships to replace the ones transferred to the Eastern District. This brought the total for the Northern District back to nine. The Southern District was left with two judgeships — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, three for the Central District, and three for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, three for the Eastern District, one for the Central District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: Five additional judgeships created for the Central District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, five for the Central District, one for the Southern District, and one temporary for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. Temporary judgeship for the Eastern District was never made permanent.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created for the Central District and five additional judgeships created for the Southern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship in the Central District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Central District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Central District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 60, 1 Temporary

Northern District 14

Eastern District 6

Central District 27, 1 Temporary

Southern District 13

Canal Zone

  • 1934: Established as one judicial district with one judgeship pursuant to the Canal Zone Code — 73 Cong. Ch. 667, June 19, 1934.
  • 1979: District court closed as of March 31, 1982 — Pub. L. No. 96-70, September 27, 1979.

Total Judgeships 0

Colorado

  • 1876: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 44 Cong. Ch. 147, June 26, 1876.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 7

Connecticut

  • 1789: District court organized under the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1927: One additional judgeship created — 69 Cong. Ch. 300, March 3, 1927.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 8

Delaware

  • 1789: District court organized under the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1946: One temporary judgeship created — 79 Cong. Ch. 602, July 24, 1946.
  • 1950: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 848, September 5, 1950.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 4

District of Columbia

  • 1863: A court was established in the District of Columbia to be called the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia with four judgeships. Any of the judges could hold United States district court for the District of Columbia in the same manner and with the same powers and jurisdiction possessed and exercised by other district courts — 37 Cong. Ch. 91, March 3, 1863.
  • 1870: One additional judgeship created — 41 Cong. Ch. 141, June 21, 1870.
  • 1879: One additional judgeship created — 45 Cong. Ch. 99, February 25, 1879.
  • 1928: One additional judgeship created — 70 Cong. Ch. 41, December 20, 1928.
  • 1930: Two additional judgeships created — 71 Cong. Ch. 537, June 19, 1930.
  • 1936: Act of March 3, 1863 was amended. Name of the court was changed to the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia — 74 Cong. Ch. 804, June 25, 1936.
  • 1938: Three additional judgeships created — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1949: Three additional judgeships created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.

Total Judgeships 15

Florida

  • 1845: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 28 Cong. Ch. 75, March 3, 1845.
  • 1847: State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 29 Cong. Ch. 20, February 23, 1847.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. Temporary judgeship for the Southern District was never made permanent.
  • 1929: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 72, January 17, 1929.
  • 1930: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 635, June 27, 1930.
  • 1940: One temporary judgeship created to serve entire state — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1949: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1962: New Middle District created. Three judgeships of the Southern District were assigned to the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 87-562, July 30, 1962.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one for the Middle District and two for the Southern District. The statewide judgeship made permanent in 1949 was converted to a permanent position in the Middle District only — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District and two additional for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, three for the Middle District and five for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, two for the Middle District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1999: Four additional judgeships created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship in the Southern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Southern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Southern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 36, 1 Temporary

Northern District 4

Middle District 15

Southern District 17, 1 Temporary

Georgia

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district by the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1848: State was divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship serving both districts — 30 Cong. Ch. 151, August 11, 1848.
  • 1882: Separate judgeship authorized for each district — 47 Cong. Ch. 87, April 25, 1882.
  • 1915: One additional temporary judgeship created for the Southern District. This position was never converted to a permanent judgeship — 63 Cong. Ch. 96, March 3, 1915.
  • 1926: State reorganized into three judicial districts with one judgeship for each district — 69 Cong. Ch. 414, May 28, 1926.
  • 1940: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1949: Temporary position created for the Middle District — 81 Cong. Ch. 37, March 29, 1949.
  • Temporary position in the Northern District was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and the temporary judgeship in the Middle District made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Five additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 18

Northern District 11

Middle District 4

Southern District 3

Guam

  • 1950: Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 81 Cong. Ch. 512, August 1, 1950.

Total Judgeships 1 (Article I)

Hawaii

  • 1900: A Federal District Court was established and presided over by one judge appointed for a six-year term — 56 Cong. Ch. 339, April 30, 1900.
  • 1909: One additional judgeship created — 60 Cong. Ch. 269, March 3, 1909.
  • 1959: Admitted as a state, Federal District Court established as a constitutional court with two judgeships — Pub. L. No. 86-3, March 18, 1959.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2009: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  •  The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009.
  • 2011: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-10, April 15, 2011.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-74, December 23, 2011.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 3, 1 Temporary

Idaho

  • 1890: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 656, July 3, 1890.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.

Total Judgeships 2

Illinois

  • 1819: New state was organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 70, March 3, 1819.
  • 1855: State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 33 Cong. Ch. 96, February 13, 1855.
  • 1905: State divided into three judicial districts, Northern, Eastern, and Southern, with two judgeships in Northern and one in each of the other districts — 58 Cong. Ch. 1427, March 3, 1905.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one temporary for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1928: Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Northern District was made permanent — 70 Cong. Ch. 882, May 29, 1928.
  • 1930: Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Eastern District was made permanent — 71 Cong. Ch. 852, July 3, 1930.
  • 1931: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District and two for the Northern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 244, February 20, 1931, and 71 Cong. Ch. 296, February 25, 1931.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1940: Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1950: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 708, August 14, 1950.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: State reorganized into Northern, Central and Southern Districts with 13 judgeships for the Northern District and two each for the Central and Southern Districts — Pub. L. No. 95-408, October 2, 1978, and Pub. L. No. 95-573, November 2, 1978.
  • Three additional judgeships created for the Northern District and one for the Central District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: Four additional permanent judgeships and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional permanent judgeship for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one temporary judgeship created for the Central District, one temporary judgeship created for the Southern District, and temporary judgeship created for the Northern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeships were extended in the Central District and the Southern District of Illinois — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2002: The temporary judgeships created in 1990 for the Central District and the Southern District were made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.

Total Judgeships 30

Northern District 22

Central District 4

Southern District 4

Indiana

  • 1817: New state was organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 14 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1817.
  • 1925: One additional judgeship was created — 68 Cong. Ch. 83, January 16, 1925.
  • 1928: State was divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 70 Cong. Ch. 393, April 21, 1928.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for each district — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Temporary judgeship created in 1984 for the Northern District was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 10

Northern District 5

Southern District 5

Iowa

  • 1845: Iowa was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 28 Cong. Ch. 76, March 3, 1845.
  • 1882: State divided into two judicial districts with one judgeship each — 47 Cong. Ch. 312, July 20, 1882.
  • 1928: Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 10, January 19, 1928. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District, and the judgeship authorized to serve both districts was made a judgeship for the Northern District only — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 5

Northern District 2

Southern District 3

Kansas

  • 1861: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 36 Cong. Ch. 20, January 29, 1861.
  • 1949: One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Temporary judgeship made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2007: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-5, February 15, 2007.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-161, December 26, 2007.
  • 2009: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009.
  • 2011: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-10, April 15, 2011.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 112-74, December 23, 2011.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 5, 1 Temporary

Kentucky

  • 1789: Judiciary Act of 1789 established one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1901: State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 56 Cong. Ch. 355, February 12, 1901.
  • 1936: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 696, June 22, 1936.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Two additional permanent judgeships and one temporary created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978. The temporary judgeship was never made permanent.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.

Total Judgeships 10

Eastern District 5

Western District 4

Eastern & Western Districts 1

Louisiana

  • 1812: State established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 12 Cong. Ch. 50, April 8, 1812.
  • 1823: State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both — 17 Cong. Ch. 44, March 3, 1823.
  • 1845: State again made one judicial district — 28 Cong. Ch. 5, February 13, 1845.
  • 1849: State again divided into Eastern and Western districts with a judgeship for each district — 30 Cong. Ch. 114, March 3, 1849.
  • 1866: State again made one judicial district with one judgeship — 39 Cong. Ch. 280, July 27, 1866.
  • 1881: State again divided into Eastern and Western Districts with a judgeship for each district — 46 Cong. Ch. 144, March 3, 1881.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for each district — 75 Cong. Ch. 47, March 18, 1938, and 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one additional for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: Four additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1971: New Middle District created. One judgeship from the Eastern District was transferred to the new district — Pub. L. No. 92-208, December 18, 1971.
  • 1978: Four additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: One permanent judgeship was transferred from the Eastern District to the Middle District of Louisiana — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.

Total Judgeships 22

Eastern District 12

Middle District 3

Western District 7

Maine

  • 1789: Area now constituting the state of Maine was created as a judicial district by the Judiciary Act of 1789 with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 3

Maryland

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship by the Judiciary Act of 1789 — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1910: One temporary judgeship created — 61 Cong. Ch. 56, February 24, 1910. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1927: Second permanent judgeship was created — 69 Cong. Ch. 297, March 3, 1927.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 10

Massachusetts

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship by the Judiciary Act of 1789 — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1922: Two additional temporary judgeships created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1935: Both temporary judgeships made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1938: One additional temporary judgeship created — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1941: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 77 Cong. Ch. 479, November 21, 1941.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: Four additional judgeships created —Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created and the temporary judgeship created in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 13

Michigan

  • 1836: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 24 Cong. Ch. 234, July 1, 1836.
  • 1863: State divided into two judicial districts — Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 37 Cong. Ch. 54, February 24, 1863.
  • 1922: Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1925: Temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 68 Cong. Ch. 254, February 17, 1925. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1927: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 69 Cong. Ch. 344, March 3, 1927.
  • 1931: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 71 Cong. Ch. 245, February 20, 1931.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship for Eastern District made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and two for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created in the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.

Total Judgeships 19

Eastern District 15

Western District 4

Minnesota

  • 1858: State established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 35 Cong. Ch. 31, May 11, 1858.
  • 1903: One additional judgeship created — 57 Cong. Ch. 402, February 4, 1903.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. This judgeship was never made permanent.
  • 1925: One temporary judgeship created — 68 Cong. Ch. 397, March 2, 1925.
  • 1930: One additional permanent judgeship created — 71 Cong. Ch. 346, May 28, 1930.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship created in 1925 was made a permanent judgeship — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1978: One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional permanent judgeship created and one temporary judgeship created in 1978 was made a permanent judgeship — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 7

Mississippi

  • 1818: New state organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 29, April 3, 1818.
  • 1838: State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship presiding in both — 25 Cong. Ch. 115, June 18, 1838.
  • 1929: The existing judgeship was made a judgeship for the Southern District only. One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 418, March 1, 1929.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and two for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created in the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 9

Northern District 3

Southern District 6

Missouri

  • 1822: State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 17 Cong. Ch. 12, March 16, 1822.
  • 1857: State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 34 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1857.
  • 1922: Temporary judgeship created for each district — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1935: Both temporary judgeships created in 1922 were made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1936: One judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 693, June 22, 1936.
  • 1942: One temporary judgeship created to serve both districts — 77 Cong. Ch. 817, December 24, 1942.
  • 1954: Temporary position created in 1942 made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and two for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship created in the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2005: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was further extended — Pub. L. No. 109-115, November 30, 2005.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 13, 1 Temporary

Eastern District 6, 1 Temporary

Western District 5

Eastern & Western District 2

Montana

  • 1889: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 50 Cong. Ch. 180, February 22, 1889.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1938: Temporary position created in 1922 made permanent — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship was created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 3

Nebraska

  • 1867: State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 40 Cong. Ch. 7, March 25, 1867.
  • 1907: One additional judgeship created — 59 Cong. Ch. 2073, February 27, 1907.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.

Total Judgeships 3

Nevada

  • 1865: State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 38 Cong. Ch. 64, February 27, 1865.
  • 1954: One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1961: One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional permanent judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1999: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 106-113, November 29, 1999.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.

Total Judgeships 7

New Hampshire

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 3

New Jersey

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1905: One additional judgeship created — 58 Cong. Ch. 1418, March 3, 1905.
  • 1916: One additional judgeship created — 64 Cong. Ch. 64, April 11, 1916.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1932: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 72 Cong. Ch. 196, May 20, 1932.
  • 1940: One temporary judgeship created — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1944: Temporary judgeship made permanent — 78 Cong. Ch. 663, December 22, 1944.
  • 1949: One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created. Temporary was never made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 17

New Mexico

  • 1910: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 61 Cong. Ch. 310, June 20, 1910.
  • 1954: One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Temporary judgeship made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 6, 1 Temporary

New York

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1801: State divided into two judicial districts (one judgeship serving both) — 6 Cong. Ch. 4, February 13, 1801.
  • 1802: Act of February 13, 1801, repealed and state reverted to one judicial district (with one judgeship) — 7 Cong. Ch. 8, March 8, 1802.
  • 1812: One additional judgeship created — 12 Cong. Ch. 71, April 29, 1812.
  • 1814: State divided into two judicial districts, Northern and Southern, with one judgeship each — 13 Cong. Ch. 49, April 9, 1814.
  • 1865: Eastern District created from counties of the Southern District with separate judgeship authorized for new district — 38 Cong. Ch. 54, February 25, 1865.
  • 1900: Western District created from counties of the Northern District with a separate judgeship authorized for the new district — 56 Cong. Ch. 391, May 12, 1900.
  • 1903: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 57 Cong. Ch. 527, February 9, 1903.
  • 1906: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 2557, May 26, 1906.
  • 1909: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 60 Cong. Ch. 242, March 2, 1909.
  • 1910: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 61 Cong. Ch. 410, June 25, 1910.
  • 1922: Two temporary judgeships created for the Southern District and one temporary for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1927: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Western District — 69 Cong. Ch. 338, March 3, 1927, and 69 Cong. Ch. 332, March 3, 1927.
  • 1929: Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 334, February 26, 1929.
  • 1929: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — 70 Cong. Ch. 380, February 28, 1929.
  • 1935: One additional judgeship created in the Eastern District and the temporary created in 1922 was made permanent. The two temporary judgeships created in 1922 for the Southern District were made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1936: Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 544, June 15, 1936.
  • 1938: One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1940: One temporary judgeship created for the Southern District (position was never made permanent) — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • Temporary judgeship created in 1938 for the Southern District was made permanent — 76 Cong. Ch. 282, June 8, 1940.
  • 1949: Four additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Six additional judgeships created for the Southern District and two additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Three additional judgeships created for the Southern District and one additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, two additional judgeships for the Eastern District and one temporary judgeship for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Three additional judgeships created in the Eastern District, one in the Southern District, one temporary judgeship created in the Northern District, and the temporary position created for the Western District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2002: Temporary judgeship created in 1990 for the Northern District was made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.

Total Judgeships 52

Northern District 5

Eastern District 15

Southern District 28

Western District 4

North Carolina

  • 1790: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 17, June 4, 1790.
  • 1872: State organized into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district — 42 Cong. Ch. 282, June 4, 1872.
  • 1927: State organized into three judicial districts, Eastern, Middle, and Western, with one judgeship authorized for each district — 69 Cong. Ch. 276, March 2, 1927.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District, and the temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 2002: One additional judgeship and one temporary judgeship created for the Western District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Western District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 12, 1 Temporary

Eastern District 4

Middle District 4

Western District 4, 1 Temporary

North Dakota

  • 1890: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 161, April 26, 1890.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.

Total Judgeships 2

Northern Mariana Islands

  • 1977: Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — Pub. L. No. 95-157, November 8, 1977.

Total Judgeships 1 (Article I)

Ohio

  • 1803: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 7 Cong. Ch. 7, February 19, 1803.
  • 1855: State divided into two districts, Northern and Southern, with a judgeship authorized for each district — 33 Cong. Ch. 73, February 10, 1855.
  • 1900: Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 56 Cong. Ch. 3, December 19, 1900. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1907: Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 59 Cong. Ch. 1189, February 25, 1907. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1910: One additional judgeship created for each district — 61 Cong. Ch. 57, February 24, 1910.
  • 1922: Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship created in 1922 was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1937: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 771, August 25, 1937.
  • 1941: Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 77 Cong. Ch. 83, May 1, 1941.
  • 1949: Temporary judgeship created in 1941 was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one temporary created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961. (Neither temporary judgeship was ever made permanent.)
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional permanent and one temporary judgeship created for the Northern District and one additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional temporary judgeship, one temporary judgeship created in 1978 made permanent for the Northern District and one additional permanent judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created in the Southern District, one temporary judgeship created in the Northern District and the temporary judgeship created for the Northern District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2002: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2007: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 110-161, December 26, 2007.
  • 2009: The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-8, March 11, 2009.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Northern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 111-117, December 16, 2009. Temporary judgeship was never made permanent.

Total Judgeships 19

Northern District 11

Southern District 8

Oklahoma

  • 1906: State organized as two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 59 Cong. Ch. 3335, June 16, 1906.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1925: State reorganized into three judicial districts, Northern, Eastern and Western. The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was transferred to the new Northern District and made permanent — 68 Cong. Ch. 233, February 16, 1925.
  • 1936: One judgeship created to serve all three districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 694, June 22, 1936.
  • 1940: One temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1949: Temporary judgeship for Western District was made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1961: One judgeship created to serve all three districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District, one additional for the Western District, and one of the two judgeships previously authorized to serve all three districts was made a judgeship for the Western District only — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 11

Northern District 3

Eastern District 1

Western District 6

Northern, Eastern, & Western Districts 1

Oregon

  • 1859: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 35 Cong. Ch. 85, March 3, 1859.
  • 1909: One additional judgeship created — 60 Cong. Ch. 243, March 2, 1909.
  • 1949: One additional judgeship created — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 6

Pennsylvania

  • 1789: State organized into one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1815: State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 15 Cong. Ch. 108, April 20, 1818.
  • 1901: Middle district created with one judgeship — 56 Cong. Ch. 801, March 2, 1901.
  • 1904: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 58 Cong. Ch. 857, April 1, 1904.
  • 1909: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 60 Cong. Ch. 215, February 26, 1909.
  • 1914: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 63 Cong. Ch. 20, February 16, 1914. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern and one temporary for the Western District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922. The position for the Eastern District was never made permanent.
  • 1927: One additional permanent judgeship created for the Eastern District — 69 Cong. Ch. 298, March 3, 1927.
  • 1929: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — 70 Cong. Ch. 358, February 28, 1929.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Western District was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1936: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 585, June 16, 1936.
  • 1938: Temporary judgeship created in 1936 for the Eastern District made permanent — 75 Cong. Ch. 528, June 20, 1938.
  • 1940: Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 209, May 24, 1940.
  • 1944: Temporary judgeship created in 1940 for the Eastern District made permanent — 78 Cong. Ch. 521, December 7, 1944.
  • 1946: Temporary judgeship created to serve all three districts — 79 Cong. Ch. 600, July 24, 1946. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1949: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District and one temporary judgeship created for the Western District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1950: Temporary judgeship created in 1949 for the Western District made permanent — 81 Cong. Ch. 819, August 29, 1950.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one additional permanent plus one temporary created for the Western District. The temporary judgeship created by 79 Cong. Ch. 602, to serve all three districts was amended to transfer the temporary judgeship to the Middle District if a vacancy occurred in the Middle District during the term of the temporary judgeship — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one additional for the Middle District, two additional for the Western District, and the temporary judgeship created in 1954 for the Western District was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: Three temporary judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966. One of these positions was never made permanent.
  • 1970: Six additional judgeships created plus two temporaries made permanent in the Eastern District, one temporary created for the Middle District, and two additional judgeships created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970. The temporary position created for the Middle District was never made permanent.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: Three additional judgeships created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990. This judgeship was never made permanent.

Total Judgeships 38

Eastern District 22

Middle District 6

Western District 10

Puerto Rico

  • 1917: Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 64 Cong. Ch. 145, March 2, 1917.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Four additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.

Total Judgeships 7

Rhode Island

  • 1790: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 21, June 23, 1790.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.

Total Judgeships 3

South Carolina

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1823: State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 17 Cong. Ch. 11, February 21, 1823.
  • These districts were not districts in the same sense as those which were later established in the state. Bartlett v. U.S., 169 U.S. 218, held that South Carolina constituted but one judicial district.
  • 1911: State divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 61 Cong. Ch. 231, March 3, 1911.
  • 1915: One additional judgeship created to provide one judge in each district — 63 Cong. Ch. 100, March 3, 1915.
  • 1929: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — 70 Cong. Ch. 337, February 26, 1929.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1965: State reorganized as one judicial district — Pub. L. No. 89-242, October 7, 1965.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Three additional judgeships created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.

Total Judgeships 10

South Dakota

  • 1890: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 21, February 27, 1890.
  • 1929: One temporary judgeship was created — 70 Cong. Ch. 333, February 26, 1929. This judgeship was never made permanent.
  • 1954: One temporary judgeship was created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1957: Temporary judgeship created in 1954 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 85-310, September 7, 1957.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.

Total Judgeships 3

Tennessee

  • 1797: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 4 Cong. Ch. 2, January 31, 1797.
  • 1802: State divided into two districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship serving both districts — 7 Cong. Ch. 31, April 29, 1802.
  • 1839: State divided into three judicial districts, Eastern, Middle and Western, with one judgeship serving all three districts — 25 Cong. Ch. 3, January 18, 1839.
  • 1878: A separate judgeship was created for the Western District with the existing judgeship having jurisdiction over the Eastern and Middle Districts — 45 Cong. Ch. 196, June 14, 1878.
  • 1922: A separate judgeship was created for the Middle District thus establishing one judgeship for each of the three districts — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1940: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 76 Cong. Ch. 920, November 27, 1940.
  • 1954: Temporary judgeship created for the Middle District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954. This position was never made permanent.
  • 1961: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for the Middle District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship was created for the Eastern District and one additional judgeship was created for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District, one for the Middle District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 14

Eastern District 5

Middle District 4

Western District 5

Texas

  • 1845: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 29 Cong. Ch. 1, December 29, 1845.
  • 1857: State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship for each district — 34 Cong. Ch. 57, February 21, 1857.
  • 1879: Northern District was created with one judgeship — 45 Cong. Ch. 97, February 24, 1879.
  • 1898: Temporary judgeship created for the Northern District. This position was never made permanent — 55 Cong. Ch. 15, February 9, 1898.
  • 1902: Southern District created with one judgeship — 57 Cong. Ch. 183, March 11, 1902.
  • 1917: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 64 Cong. Ch. 120, February 26, 1917.
  • 1919: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District — 65 Cong. Ch. 50, February 26, 1919.
  • 1922: One temporary judgeship created for the Northern District — 67 Cong. Ch. 306, September 14, 1922.
  • 1935: Temporary judgeship created in 1922 for the Northern District was made permanent — 74 Cong. Ch. 558, August 19, 1935.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1949: Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — 81 Cong. Ch. 387, August 3, 1949.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and one for the Southern District. Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District in 1949 was made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Two additional judgeships created for the Northern District, one for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1966: Two additional judgeships created for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for each of the four districts — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Five additional judgeships created for the Southern District, three for the Northern District, one for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship was created for the Northern District, two for the Eastern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: Two additional judgeships were created for the Northern District, one for the Eastern District, five for the Southern District and three for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District and one for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
  • 2002: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District and 2 additional judgeships created for the Western District, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.
  • 2013: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-6, March 26, 2013.
  • 2014: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-76, January 17, 2014.
  • The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended – Pub. L. No. 113-235, December 16, 2014.

Total Judgeships 51, 1 Temporary

Northern District 12

Eastern District 7, 1 Temporary

Southern District 19

Western District 13

Utah

  • 1894: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 53 Cong. Ch. 138, July 16, 1894.
  • 1954: One temporary judgeship created — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1961: Temporary judgeship created in 1954 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 5

Vermont

  • 1791: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 12, March 2, 1791.
  • 1966: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.

Total Judgeships 2

Virgin Islands

  • 1936: Established as one judicial district with one judgeship — 74 Cong. Ch. 699, June 22, 1936.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.

Total Judgeships 2 (Article I)

Virginia

  • 1789: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 1 Cong. Ch. 20, September 24, 1789.
  • 1819: Western District created with one judgeship — 15 Cong. Ch. 12, February 4, 1819.
  • 1871: State was again divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with one judgeship each — 41 Cong. Ch. 35, February 3, 1871.
  • 1935: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 74 Cong. Ch. 425, August 2, 1935.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1966: Two additional judgeships created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: Two additional judgeships created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.
  • 1997: The temporary judgeship in the Eastern District was extended — Pub. L. No. 105-53, October 6, 1997.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.
  • 2002: The temporary judgeship created in 1990 for the Eastern District was made permanent, effective July 15, 2003 — Pub. L. No. 107-273, November 2, 2002.

Total Judgeships 15

Eastern District 11

Western District 4

Washington

  • 1890: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 65, April 5, 1890.
  • 1905: State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with a separate judgeship for each district — 58 Cong. Ch. 1305, March 2, 1905.
  • 1909: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 60 Cong. Ch. 243, March 2, 1909.
  • 1938: One additional judgeship created for the Western District — 75 Cong. Ch. 290, May 31, 1938.
  • 1940: The judgeship created for the Western District in 1938 was made a judgeship for both the Eastern and Western Districts — 76 Cong. Ch. 11, January 20, 1940.
  • 1961: The existing judgeship serving both districts was made permanent in the Western District only and one additional judgeship was created to serve both districts — Pub. L. No. 87-36, May 19, 1961.
  • 1978: Existing judgeship serving both districts was made judgeship for the Western District only. One additional judgeship was created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1984: One additional permanent judgeship created for the Eastern District, one additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship for the Western District — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District and the temporary judgeship created for the Western District in 1984 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 11

Eastern District 4

Western District 7

West Virginia

  • 1864: State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 38 Cong. Ch. 120, June 11, 1864.
  • 1901: State was divided into two judicial districts with a separate judgeship authorized for each district — 56 Cong. Ch. 105, January 22, 1901.
  • 1921: Temporary judgeship created for the Southern District. This position was never made permanent — 67 Cong. Ch. 30, June 25, 1921.
  • 1936: Temporary judgeship created to serve both districts — 74 Cong. Ch. 695, June 22, 1936.
  • 1954: Temporary judgeship created in 1936 was made permanent — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1970: One additional judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional permanent judgeship and one temporary judgeship created for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 1983: Existing judgeship serving both districts was made judgeship for the Southern District only; the 1978 temporary judgeship for the Southern District was made a permanent judgeship for the Northern District — Pub. L. No. 97-471, January 14, 1983.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created for the Northern District and one for the Southern District — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 8

Northern District 3

Southern District 5

Wisconsin

  • 1848: State organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 30 Cong. Ch. 50, May 29, 1848.
  • 1870: State was divided into two judicial districts, Eastern and Western, with a separate judgeship authorized for each district — 41 Cong. Ch. 175, June 29, 1870.
  • 1954: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — 83 Cong. Ch. 6, February 10, 1954.
  • 1966: Temporary judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 89-372, March 18, 1966.
  • 1970: Temporary judgeship created in 1966 was made permanent — Pub. L. No. 91-272, June 2, 1970.
  • 1978: One additional judgeship created for each district — Pub. L. No. 95-486, October 20, 1978.
  • 2000: One additional judgeship created for the Eastern District — Pub. L. No. 106-553, December 21, 2000.

Total Judgeships 7

Eastern District 5

Western District 2

Wyoming

  • 1890: State was organized as one judicial district with one judgeship — 51 Cong. Ch. 664, July 10, 1890.
  • 1984: One additional judgeship was created — Pub. L. No. 98-353, July 10, 1984.
  • 1990: One additional judgeship created — Pub. L. No. 101-650, December 1, 1990.

Total Judgeships 3