Federal Probation Journal - December 2002
Federal Probation Journal (December 2002) is dedicated to informing its readers about current thought, research, and practice in corrections and criminal justice. Explore the issue.
This Issue in Brief
Prison-Based Therapeutic Community Substance Abuse Programs
By William M. Burdon, David Farabee, Michael L. Prendergast, Nena P. Messina, Jerome Cartier
Over the past year, California has experienced a substantial growth in the number of prison-based TC substance abuse treatment programs. Process evaluations of 17 of these 32 programs reveal issues relevant to implementation and ongoing operations of prison based TCs in general. This article examines these issues and offers recommendations for implementing and operating TC programs in correctional environments.
The Brooklyn Program—Innovative Approaches to Substance Abuse Treatment
By Richard M. Gray
The United States Probation Department for the Eastern District of New York has instituted an innovative and cost-effective substance abuse program, rooted in Jungian theory and depending upon tools gleaned from classical conditioning and Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). The program helps create positive futures for federal offenders with substance-related treatment conditions.
Estimating the Prevalence of Recent Ecstasy Use Among National Arrestees
By George S. Yacoubian
An underlying assumption of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program is that if a new drug emerges on the streets, it will take root in a criminal population before diffusing to members of the general population. The author explores recent ecstasy use with data collected from adult arrestees surveyed through the ADAM Program in 2000, with results suggesting that ecstasy use among adult arrestees is not a serious problem. Implications for drug surveillance are discussed.
Corporate Computer Crime
By Lynne M. Wiggins
Technological advances have created an infrastructure in which the corporation itself can easily become the victim of crime. Affected by corporate crime, the corporation is left to determine if it should report the incident or not and what remedies should be utilized for resolution of the problem and minimization of future risk. Collaborative information sharing and working alliances between corporations and law enforcement are needed to prevent a parallel between corporate computer crime rates and technological advances.
Pretrial Diversion in the Federal Court System
By Thomas E. Ulrich
This article examines what statistics tell us about the state of pretrial diversion in the federal court system—the numbers, their breakdown into categories of adults and juveniles, etc. The author suggests ramifications for these statistics.
Theory and Practice of Probation on Bail in the Report of John Augustus
By Robert Panzarella
Over a century and a half ago, Boston reformer John Augustus launched the idea of the probation system. The author analyzes Augustus’ own 1852 “Report of the Labors of John Augustus for the Last Ten Years, in Aid of the Unfortunate…,” to locate the principles of selection and methods of supervision used by Augustus in his unpaid role of standing bail for and supervising the rehabilitation of certain offenders.
Managing Offender Resistance to Counseling—the “3R’s”
By William N. Elliott
Offenders are often resistant to counseling interventions. The author describes the use of three techniques—Redirection, Reframing, and Reversal of Responsibility—to counter behavior intended to distract and derail the counselor.
Prisoner Reentry and the Role of Parole Officers
By Richard P. Seiter
There has been renewed interest in prisoner reentry and the role of community parole and release supervision officers in successful reentry. The author describes a study of parole officers in St. Louis, Missouri to identify those aspects of prisoner reentry they perceive as important to success, as well as their own supervisory activities that they believe improve the chance of success.
A Model for Developing a Reentry Program
By Vincent D. Basile
Society needs to aid offenders returning to its midst in positive change in order to avoid further harm. The author suggests aspects of effective and productive reintegration of the offender into society while simultaneously providing for the safety of the community. He stresses the need for cooperation and collaboration among different segments of the criminal justice community.
A Successful Reintegration into the Community—One NGRI Acquittee’s Story
By Randy Starr
Most reentry articles focus on the large-scale numbers of reentering offenders and what kinds of programs and systems should be in place to handle them. This article focuses on the microcosm: the odyssey of one man found Not Guilty By Reason of Insanity, his successful journey through the mental health inpatient and outpatient treatment, and his reintegration into society.
The Influence of Demographic Factors on the Experience of House Arrest
By Brian K. Payne and Randy R. Gainey
Recent research suggests that offenders’ preferences for sanctions vary based on important demographic characteristics such as race, gender, and age. The current study examines whether various aspects of one type of alternative sanction (house arrest with electronic monitoring) are experienced differently among different groups.