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Federal Probation Journal - December 2003

Federal Probation Journal (December 2003) is dedicated to informing its readers about current thought, research, and practice in corrections and criminal justice. Explore the issue.

This Issue in Brief

Federal Probation During the Second World War—Part Two

By Miguel A. Oviedo

This follow-up article to one published in June 2003 examines how federal probation officers assisted offenders in finding work during an historic period of full employment. In addition, controlling prostitution and venereal disease were prominent topics during the war. Finally, this article examines the role played by federal probation in dealing with selective service violators during the war.

Federal Government’s Program in Attacking the Problem of Prostitution

By Eliot Ness

This reprint from the April-June 1943 issue of Federal Probation is a companion to this issue’s lead article on federal probation in wartime. Written by former “Untouchable” Eliot Ness, who by this time headed the Social Protection Section of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, it demonstrates the wartime concern with prostitution and its public health implications for the armed forces.

Doing Justice for Mental Illness and Society—Federal Probation and Pretrial Services Officers as Mental Health Specialists

By Risdon N. Slate, Erik Roskes, Richard Feldman, Migdalia Baerga

Mental health problems are notably common among correctional populations, including community corrections populations. The authors analyze breakdowns of mental illness in these populations and the treatment in prison before focussing on the peculiar problems of supervising defendants and offenders suffering from mental illness.They emphasize the challenges and benefits of collaborations with therapeutic resources in the community.

Community Supervision of Sex Offenders—Integrating Probation and Clinical Treatment

By Michael J. Jenuwine, Ronald Simmons, Edward Swies

Over time, the criminal justice system has experimented with different methods of handling the difficult and unpleasant problem of sex offenders. The authors that the ends of both community safety and rehabilitation can best be achieved through facilitating partnerships between probation and clinical professionals that acknowledge their separate and complementary roles.

Pretrial Services in Lake County, Illinois—Patterns of Change Over Time, 1986-2000

By Keith W. Cooprider, Rosemarie Gray, John Dunne

The authors study patterns of change over 15 years in the Pretrial Services Program in Lake County, Illinois. They describe trends, but also attempt to explain some of the empirical findings. Their goal is to demonstrate the utility and value of “in-house” research at the local, single-jurisdictional level.

A Theoretical Basis for Handling Technical Violations

By Edward W. Sieh

The author analyzes data on technical violations and interviews with probation officers working in the field to discern not only how technical violations are commonly addressed, but the officers’ rationale. He argues that frequent tolerance of even serious violations before revocation is due in part to a regulatory model of probation where compliance is sought through inspections, discipline, and a normalization process.

Justifications for the Probation Sanction Among Residents of Virginia—Cool or Uncool?

By Brian K. Payne, Randy R. Gainey, Ruth Triplett, Mona J.E. Danner

A telephone survey of 840 registered voters from Virginia seeks to discover 1) citizen support for probation; 2) how citizens justify use of probation over other sanctions; and 3) whether the justification and sentencing recommendations are consistent across crimes. Results suggest that respondents tend to see probation as a rehabilitative tool rather than as punishment or a deterrent strategy.

Drug Use or Abstinence as a Function of Perceived Stressors Among Federally Supervised Offenders

By John D. Gurley, Jamie F. Satcher

Stress has been linked to increased risk for substance abuse among various populations, yet research comparing stressors of federal offenders who refrain from or use drugs while under supervision is nonexistent. The authors compare federal offenders who refrained from or used drugs while under supervision on five dimensions of stress, finding that offenders who used drugs reported significantly higher stress levels on all five dimensions than those who refrained.

Internet Training for Juvenile Justice Professionals

By Courtney M. Yarcheck, Stephen M. Gavazzi, Kristy Dascoli

The Ohio State University Accountability-Based Sanctions Internet Training Project was designed to enhance juvenile justice professionals’ knowledge of sanctioning models and their impact on case management and aftercare planning in a format that would allow for convenience and flexibility in training. The authors describe the benefits and drawbacks of the distance learning format for these trainees, and their solutions to some of these drawbacks.

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