Federal Probation Journal - December 2013
Federal Probation Journal (December 2013) is dedicated to informing its readers about current thought, research, and practice in corrections and criminal justice. Explore the issue.
This Issue in Brief
After the Fall: Assessing the Impact of the Great Prison Experiment on Future Crime Control Policy
By James M. Byrne
This article summarizes available research on the impact of the increased use of incarceration on crime rates and identifies the effects of incarceration on individual offenders (specific deterrence, rehabilitation effects) and on communities (incapacitation, general deterrence effects). The author then compares crime reduction effects of incarceration-focused strategies to other criminal justice-focused strategies and considers the prospects for future crime control policies that result in improved individual and community-level outcomes.
Targeting Antisocial Attitudes in Community Supervision Using the EPICS Model: An Examination of Change Scores on the Criminal Sentiment Scale
By Ryan Labrecque, Paula Smith, Myrinda Schweitzer, Cara Thompson
This study uses the Criminal Sentiments Scale-Modified (CSS-M), a self-report measure of antisocial attitudes, values, and beliefs related to criminal behavior, to measure changes in antisocial attitudes and values over time as a result of participating in EPICS sessions with community supervision officers.
Use of Engagement Skills in Community Corrections for High-Risk Offenders
By Natalie Pearl, Karyn Milligan, Michael Hall, Mack Jenkins
In response to California’s passage of Public Safety Realignment-Assembly Bill (AB) 109, post-custody supervision of many offenders sentenced to prison has been shifted from the statewide Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation parole division to county probation departments. Additionally, some offenders who previously would have served a custodial sentence in state prison now serve that time in local jail custody. Through focus groups, the authors examine how the IBIS model of evidence-based supervision being employed by the San Diego County Post Release Offenders division is being integrated into supervision of this expanded population.
Exit Status of Probationers and Prison-Bound Offenders in an Electronic Monitoring Home Detention Program: A Comparative Study
By Sudipto Roy
The author compares probationers and prison-bound offenders placed in an electronic monitoring home detention program to determine whether there was a significant difference between probationers and prison-bound offenders in terms of exit status and, if so, which factors statistically significantly differentiated the exit status of successful participants of the two groups.
A Review of Probation Home Visits: What Do We Know?
By Eileen M. Ahlin, Maria João Lobo Antunes, Heather Tubman-Carbone
The authors highlight the historical importance of home visits as a key element of probation and suggest future avenues to inform the field about their full potential and utility. They first provide an overview of the history of probation, then outline its evolution over the last century to encompass not only low-risk offenders but those at higher risk of recidivism and violating public safety, discussing how home visits are applicable to this population. They conclude with a discussion of the gaps in our knowledge on home visits and suggestions on how to address these gaps in future research.
From the Archives (Federal Probation May–June 1937): Is There a Measure of Probation Success?
By Bennet Mead
In 1937, in the first issue of Federal Probation, statistician for the Department of Justice Bennet Mead offers thoughts on how to measure probation success.