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Federal Probation Journal - December 2016

This Issue in Brief

Assessing the Case fo​r Formal Recognition and Expansion of Federal Problem-Solving Courts

Matthew G. Rowland

Although not formally recognized by the Judicial Conference of the United States, some form of problem-solving court operates in nearly half of federal district courts. Advocates argue that it is time for federal problem-solving courts to be formally recognized and expanded, while opponents argue that empirical support for them is still lacking. In this article the author summarizes their history in the federal system, the handful of federal studies on them, the arguments for and against formal recognition, and suggestions for the future.

An Examination of the Impact of Criminological Theory on Community Corrections Practice

James Byrne, Don Hummer

The authors provide a brief overview of the major theories of crime causation (classical, biological, psychological, and sociological) and then consider the implications of these criminological theories for current and future community corrections practice. As they examine each group of theories, they consider how—and why—the basic functions of probation and parole officers change based on the theory of crime causation under review.

Performance Measures in Community Corrections: Measuring Effective Supervision Practices with Existing Agency Data

Brandy L. Blasko, Karen A. Souza, Brittney Via, Sara Del Principe, Faye S. Taxman

A core set of community supervision practices has been defined as effective in reducing recidivism; however, there are few reliable measures to describe these practices. The authors review administrative data from four community supervision agencies to explore the measures and highlight their utility.

An Examination of Deterrence Theory: Where Do We Stand?

Kelli D. Tomlinson

The author explores a segment of the empirical research available on deterrence theory, a popular criminological theory that has driven many crime policy initiatives in the United States over the years. She discusses the main tenets, inherent assumptions, and goals of the theory and whether these goals have been met, as evidenced by research findings.

Leadership and Its Impact on Organization

Daren Schumaker

This article is adapted from a Federal Judicial Center Leadership Development Program report. This program teaches and develops leadership skills in participants through a combination of formal instruction, project-based learning, and one-on-one interaction with faculty mentors, the objective of which is to gain a better understanding of the meaning of leadership and the impact that leaders and managers have on their organizations.

Transportation Strategies of Female Offenders

Miriam Northcutt Bohmert

Female offenders face many strategies unique to their criminal justice system involvement. These needs may translate into greater need for dependable transportation to meet day-to-day needs as well as to complete supervision successfully. The authors describe the strategies women use, as well as changes to supervision practices and policies that increase access to dependable transportation.

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