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Federal Probation Journal - June 2004

Federal Probation Journal (June 2004) is dedicated to informing its readers about current thought, research, and practice in corrections and criminal justice. Explore the issue.

This Issue in Brief

Multicultural Competencies in Probation: Issues and Challenges

By Robert A. Shearer, Patricia Ann King

The vast numbers of persons currently being supervised under probation sentences are a diverse group who exhibit a wide variety of treatment and supervision concerns that probation officers are expected to address. The questions and issues addressed in this article speak directly to the role of multicultural competencies in probation as officers supervise this diverse group of offenders.

Interagency Priorities at the Crossroads: Aftercare Among Drug Users

By Bernadette Pelissier, Timothy Cadigan

Three-quarters of the inmates housed in state and federal prison in 1997 could be categorized as alcohol- or drug-involved, yet only about 20 percent of those within six months of release report having received treatment. The recent focus on reentry draws attention to the issue of treatment after release from prison and the more general topic of collaboration between various criminal justice agencies in addressing reentry requirements.

Electronic Monitoring of Domestic Violence Cases: A Study of Two Bilateral Programs

By Edna Erez, Peter R. Ibarra, Norman A. Lurie

The criminal justice system has been using electronic monitoring for about 20 years, typically as a form of house arrest, an alternative sanction, or in the context of pretrial release. The authors examine the use of EM for victim protection in domestic violence cases.

The Imposition of Economic Sanctions in Philadelphia: Costs, Fines, and Restitution

By R. Barry Ruback

The author examines fines, costs, and restitution in Philadelphia during the seven-year period 1994–2000, looking at breakdowns of crimes and distinguishing those in which private individuals and businesses were the victims from those in which the State was the victim. He also tracks relationships among the awarding of the different kinds of economic sanctions.

Private and Public Sector Prisons: A Comparison of Select Characteristics

By Curtis R. Blakely, Vic W. Bumphus

This study compares the private and public prison sectors on a number of characteristics, including correctional officer wages and retention rates, staff-to-inmate ratios, frequency of institutional violence, etc. Findings are used to place the sectors upon an ideological continuum showing the degree to which each subscribes to the correctional philosophies of eligibility and normalization.

Listening to Victims: A Critique of Restorative Justice Policy and Practice in the United States

By Harry Mika, Mary Achilles, Ellen Halbert, Lorraine Stutzman Amstutz, Howard Zehr

This research seeks to discern the victim role in restorative justice policy and practice in the U.S. through direct consultation with victims, their advocates and victim service providers. The authors discuss the theory and reality of restorative justice, including difficulties in implementation and features of good practice.

In Cold Blood Revisited: A Look Back at an American Crime

By Sally J. Keglovits

In November 1959, four members of the Clutter family were murdered in their home in Holcomb, Kansas—the result of a planned burglary by two parolees. The crime, which became the subject of Truman Capote's best-selling "non-fiction novel" In Cold Blood, was widely considered to mark a watershed in the national perception of American violence.

High Anxiety Offenders in Correctional Settings: It's Time for Another Look

By Shelley Johnson Listwan, Kimberly Gentry Sperber, Lisa Murphy Spruance, Patricia Van Voorhis

The authors accumulate evidence across four studies that find neurotic offenders of particular interest to correctional practitioners and policy makers because of these offenders' poor adjustment to prison, high recidivism rates, and poor performance in cognitive skills intervention.

An Assessment of the Capacity to Measure Performance Among the Nation's Prison Systems

By Kevin N. Wright

This research assessed the current capacity of departments of corrections to participate in a national reporting system, finding that almost all prison systems possess the capacity to measure and report about the aggregate prisoner population under supervision, while most also collect information about escapes, homicides, and suicides. Beyond these measures, significant disparity exists.

Assessing Customer Service Satisfaction with U.S. Pretrial Services, District of Nebraska

By Mindy S. Bare, Dana L. Miller, Travis E. Wilcoxen

The authors assessed customers' attitudes toward the quality of service provided by Pretrial Services in the District of Nebraska, including among these "customers" defendants, judges, U.S. attorneys, U.S. marshals, defense attorneys, alcohol and drug treatment staff, and U.S. Probation.

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