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Federal Probation Journal - June 2006

Federal Probation Journal (June 2006) is dedicated to informing its readers about current thought, research, and practice in corrections and criminal justice. Explore the issue.

This Issue in Brief

Crime Control Strategies and Community Change—Reframing the Surveillance vs. Treatment Debate

By James M. Byrne, Faye S. Taxman

David Farabee’s recent monograph “Rethinking Rehabilitation” challenges much of the theory, research, and policy associated with “liberal” offender treatment strategies. The authors argue that Farabee’s control-based corrections model ignores the larger issue of community change and unreasonably jettisons treatment-driven corrections policy.

Sex Offender Management in the Federal Probation and Pretrial Services System

By Migdalia Baerga-Buffler, James L. Johnson

In the Federal Probation and Pretrial Services System, a “sex offender” is anyone who has any prior state or federal conviction for a sexual offense. The authors describe the gamut of conditions, practices, and treatment options that are employed by the districts for this specialized population.

Sex Offenders on Federal Community Supervision: Factors that Influence Revocation

By James L. Johnson

Among factors correlated with offenders’ success or failure on supervision are employment, education, treatment, age, gender, and race. The author discusses data from the Federal Probation and Pretrial Services System that show such correlations.

Restorative Circles: A Reentry Planning Process for Hawaii Inmates

By Lorenn Walker, Ted Sakai, Kat Brady

Restorative Circles, part of a pilot reentry program in Hawaii beginning in 2005, help inmates understand that their actions have impacts on their victims, families, and the larger community. Offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their past actions, plan the future beyond prison, and acknowledge the strengths they can use to get there.

Motivational Interviewing for Probation Officers: Tipping the Balance Toward Change

By Michael D. Clark, Scott Walters, Ray Gingerich, Melissa Meltzer

Motivational Interviewing of offenders by probation officers allows them to steer clear of both “hard” and “soft” approaches in a process that makes positive change more likely. The authors explain what it is and how it works.

Power and Control Tactics Employed by Prison Inmates—A Case Study

By William N. Elliott

The author, who has worked as a correctional mental health professional for 31 years, uses the power and control tactics employed by one death-row inmate as an example of how inmates attempt to manipulate correctional staff to achieve greater control.

Convicted Drunk Drivers in Electronic Monitoring Home Detention and Day Reporting Centers: An Exploratory Study

By Sudipto Roy, Shannon Barton

The authors report on an exploratory study comparing convicted drunk drivers in Indiana who are sentenced to either electronic monitoring home detention or day reporting centers.

The Effects of Gender on the Judicial Decision of Bail Amount Set

By K.B. Turner, James B. Johnson

Using data from a Midwestern district court, the authors examine whether female defendants receive differential treatment from judges in the setting of bail.

Accomplishments in Juvenile Probation in California Over the Last Decade

By Susan Turner, Terry Fain

Beginning with legislative changes in California in 1993, probation departments in California began moving from a focus on suppression, enforcement, and monitoring of youthful offenders to a focus on families and on rehabilitative and therapeutic approaches. The authors describe the new initiatives and link these efforts with potential impacts on youth crime and other outcomes.

The Role of Prerelease Handbooks for Prisoner Reentry

By Jeff Mellow, James M. Dickinson

Prerelease handbooks can help offenders negotiate a successful reentry into society by describing the challenges they will face, giving advice on meeting them, and providing links to the most helpful services. The authors survey ex-offenders on the components of a successful prerelease handbook and describe useful features.

John Augustus, Father of Probation, and the Anonymous Letter

By Charles Lindner

John Augustus is generally considered the Father of Probation in the U.S. for his work with minor offenders in 19 th century Massachusetts. The author provides details about Augustus’ work from an unpublished anonymous letter not generally available.

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