Volume 73 Number 3
Federal Probation

"Town Hall" Strategies for Organizational Change

Turnover Intention among Probation Officers and Direct Care Staff: A Statewide Study

Good Job or Dirty Work? Public Perceptions of Correctional Employment

Predicting Juvenile Recidivism using the San Diego Regional Resiliency Check-up

New Directions in Juvenile Sex Offender Management: Designing a Collaborative Approach

Sexual Victimization and Requests for Assistance in Inmates Letters to the National Prison Rape Elimination Commision



"Town Hall" Strategies for Organizational Change

Andrews, D. A., Zinger, I., Hoge, R. D., Bonta, J., Gendreau, P., & Cullen, F. T. (1990). Does correctional treatment work: A clinically relevant and psychologically informed meta-analysis. Criminology, 28(3), 369-404.

Clear, T.R., Rose, D.R., & Ryder, J.A. (2001). Incarceration and the Community: The Problem of Removing and Returning Offenders. Crime Delinquency, 47, 335-351.

Cullen, F., & Gendreau, P. (2000). Assessing Correctional Rehabilitation: Policy, Practice, and Prospects. In Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System; Criminal Justice (Vol. 3, pp. 109-176).

Pew Foundation. (2009). One in 31: The Long Reach of American Corrections. Philadelphia, PA: Pew Foundation. Retrieved from the Pew Foundation Web Site: http://www. pewcenteronthestates.org/report_detail. aspx?id=49382

Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations (5th ed.). New York: Free Press.

Sholomskas, D. E., Syracuse-Siewert, G., Rounsaville, B. J., Ball, S. A., Nuro, K. F., & Carroll, K. M. (2005). We Don't Train in Vain: A Dissemination Trial of Three Strategies of Training Clinicians in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 73(1), 106-115.

Taxman, F.S. & Ainsworth, S. (forthcoming). Correctional Milieu: The Key to Quality Outcomes. Victims & Offenders. Taxman, F. & Lerch, J. (2008). Organizational Readiness of Pre-Release Centers. Unpublished Report. Taxman, F, Shepardson, E, & Byrne, JM (2005). Tools of the Trade: A Guide to Implementing Science into Practice, Washington DC: National Institute of Corrections, http://www.nicic.org/Library/020095

Taxman, F.S., & Bouffard, J. (2000). The importance of systems in improving offender outcomes: New frontiers in treatment integrity. Justice Policy Journal, 2(2): 37-5

Tushman, M. L., & Scanlan, T. J. (1981). Boundary Spanning Individuals: Their Role in Information Transfer and Their Antecedents. The Academy of Management Journal, 24(2), 289-305.

 back to top


Turnover Intention among Probation Officers and Direct Care Staff: A Statewide Study

Adams, J. S. (1963). Toward an understanding of inequity. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 422-436.

Acquino, K., Griffeth, R. W., Allen, D. G., & Hom, P.W. (1997). Integrating justice constructs into the turnover process: a test of a referent cognitions model. Academy of Management Journal, 40, 1208-1227.

Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 63, 1-18.

Begley, T. M., & Czajka, J. M. (1993). Panel analysis of the moderating effects of commitment on job satisfaction, intent to quit, and health following organizational change. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 552-556.

Brayfield, A., & Roth, H. F. (1951). An index of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35, 307-311.

Cherniss, C. (1980). Staff burnout: Job stress in the human services. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Chesney, M., & Rosenman, R. (1980). Type A behavior in the work setting. In C. L. Cooper & R. Payne (Eds.), Current concerns in occupational stress (pp. 187-212). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cotton, J. L., & Tuttle, J. M. (1986). Employee turnover: A meta-analysis and review and implications for future research. Academy of Management Review, 11, 55-70. Tuttle, 1986.

Comrey, L. A., & Lee, H. B. (1992). A first course in factor analysis (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Crank, J. P., Regoli, R., Hewitt, J. D., & Culbertson, R. G. (1995). Institutional and organizational antecedents of role stress, work alienation, and anomie among police executives. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 22, 152-171.

Cranny, C. J., Smith, C. P., & Stone, E. F. (1992). Job satisfaction: How people feel about their jobs and how it affects their performance. New York: Lexington Books.

Cropanzano, R., & Greenberg, J. (1997). Progress in organizational justice: Tunneling through the maze. In C. L. Cooper & I. T. Robertson (Eds.), International review of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 317-372). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cullen, F. T., Link, B. G., Cullen, J. B., & Wolfe, N. T. (1989). How satisfying is prison work? A comparative occupational approach. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services & Rehabilitation, 14, 89-108.

Cullen, F. T., Link, B. G., Wolfe, N. T., & Frank, J. (1985). The social dimensions of correctional officer stress. Justice Quarterly, 2(4), 505-533.

Dunham, R. B., & Smith, F. J. (1979). Organizational surveys: An internal assessment of organizational health. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman & Company.

Folger, R., & Greenberg, J. (1985). Procedural justice: An interpretive analysis of personnel systems. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 3, 141-183).

Griffeth, R. W., Hom, P. W., & Gaertner, S. (2000). A meta-analysis of antecedents and correlates of employee turnover: Update, moderator tests, and research implications for the next millennium. Journal of Management, 26, 463-488.

Grossi, E. L, & Berg, B. L. (1991). Stress and job satisfaction among correctional officers: An unexpected finding. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 35(1), 73-91.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. L., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Hammer, T. H., Landau, J., & Stern, R. N. (1981). Absenteeism when workers have a novice: The case of employee ownership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 66, 561-573.

Hendrix, W. H., Robbins, T., Miller, J., & Summers, T. P. (1998). Effects of procedural and distributive justice on factors predictive of turnover. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 13, 611-633.

Heneman, H. G. III, & Judge, T. A. (2000). Compensation attitudes. In S. L. Rynes & B. Gerhart (Eds.), Compensation in organization: Current research and practice (pp. 61-203). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Heneman, H. G. III & Schwab, D. P. (1985). Pay satisfaction: Its multidimensional nature and measurement. International Journal of Psychology, 20, 129-142.

Hom, P. W., & Griffeth, R. W. (1995). Employee turnover. Cincinnati, OH: South Western.

Jaros, S. J., Jermier, J. M., Koehler, J. W., & Sincich, T. (1993). Effects of continuance, affective and moral commitment on the withdrawal process: An evaluation of eight structural equation models. Journal of Applied Psychology, 36, 951-995.

Jurik, N., & Halemba, G. (1984). Gender, working conditions and the job satisfaction of women in a non-traditional occupation: Female correctional officers in men's prisons. Sociological Quarterly, 25, 551-566.

Koberg, C. S., Boss, R. W., Senjem, J. C., & Goodman, E. A. (1999). Antecedents and outcomes of empowerment: Empirical evidence from the health care industry. Group and Organizational Management, 24, 71-91.

Lambert, E. G., Hogan, N. L., & Griffin, M. L. (2007). The impact of distributive and procedural justice on correctional staff job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Journal of Criminal Justice, 35, 644-656.

Lambert, E. G., Hogan, N. L., Paoline, E. A. III, & Clarke, A. (2005). The impact of role stressors on job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment among private prison staff. Security Journal, 18, 33-50.

Lawler, E. E. III (1971). Pay and organizational effectiveness. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lee, W., & Beto, D. R. (2008, Spring). Factors associated with adult probation officer turn-over in Texas. Executive Exchange, 3-11.

Locke, E. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297-1349). Chicago: Rand McNally.

Lum, L., Kervin, J., Colark, C., Reid, F., & Sirola, W. (1998). Explaining nursing turnover intent: Job satisfaction, pay satisfaction or organizational commitment? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 305-320.

Martin, C. L., & Bennett, N. (1996). The role of justice judgments in explaining the relationships between job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Group and Organizational Management, 21, 84-104.

McGee, G. W., & Ford, R. C. (1987). Two or more dimensions of organizational commitment: Reexamination of the affective and continuance commitment scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 638-641.

Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Gellatly, I. R. (1990). Affective and continuance commitment to the organization: Evaluation of measures and analysis of concurrent and time-lagged relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 710-720.

Meyer, J. P., & Herscovitch, L. (2001). Commitment in the workplace: Toward a general model. Human Resource Management Review, 11, 299-326.

Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20-52.

Miceli, M. P., Jung, I., Near, J. P., & Greenberger, D. B. (1991). Predictor and outcomes of reactions to pay-for-performance plans. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76, 508-521.

Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W., & Steers, R. M. (1982). Employee-organization linkage: The psychology of commitment, absenteeism, and turnover. New York: Academic Press.

Moynihan, D. P., & Landuyt, N. (2008). Explaining turnover intention in state government. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 28, 120-143.

Mueller, C. W., Boyer, E. M., Price, J. L., & Iverson, R. D. (1994). Employee attachment and noncoercive conditions of work: The case of dental hygienists. Work and Occupations, 21, 179-212.

National Institute of Corrections. (1994). Recruitment and retention in community corrections: Report from national institute of corrections conference. Federal Probation, 58, 16-19.

Powell, D. M., & Meyer, J. P. (2004). Sidebet theory and the three-component model of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 157-177.

Price, J. L., & Mueller, C. W. (1986). Handbook of organizational measurement. Marshfield, MA: Pitman.

Robbins, S. P., Chatterjee, P., & Canda, E. R. (1998). Contemporary human behavior theory. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Sheeley, B. (2008). What do the officers say? Understanding job safety and satisfaction from the officers' standpoint. Perspectives, 32, 47-52.

Shore, L. & Martin, H. (1989). Performance and turnover intentions, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment in relations to work. Human Relations, 42: 325-638.

Simmons, C., Cochran, J. K., & Blount, W. R. (1997). The effects of job-related stress and job satisfaction on probation officers' inclinations to quit. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 21, 213-229.

Slate, R. N., Vogel, R. E., & Johnson, W. (2001). To quit or not to quit: Perceptions of participation in correctional decision making and the impact of organizational stress. Corrections Management Quarterly, 5, 68-78.

Spector, P. E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, causes, and consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 1442-1465.

State Auditor's Office. (2007). An annual report on classified employee turnover for fiscal year 2007. Austin, TX: State Auditor's Office.

Steel, R. P., & Ovalle, N. K. (1984). A review and meta-analysis of research on the relationship between behavioral intentions and employee turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 673-686.

Tett, R. P., & Meyer, J. P. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: Path analyses based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259-293.

Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (2000). A study of salaries and turnover rates of juvenile probation department personnel in Texas. Retrieved March 1, 2008, from the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission Website: http://www.tjpc.state.tx.us/publications/Reports/RPTOTH200001.pdf

Vandenberghe, C., & Tremblay, M. (2008). The role of pay satisfaction and organizational commitment in turnover intentions: A two-sample study. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22, 275-286.

Vernon, M., & Byrd, J. (1996). Leadership in the 21st century: New roles for federal probation and pretrial service chiefs. Federal Probation, 60, 21-29.

Wagner, J. A. (1994). Participation's effect on performance and satisfaction: A reconsideration of research evidence. Academy of Management Review, 19, 312-330.

Whitehead, J. T. (1987). Probation officer job burnout: A test of two theories. Journal of Criminal Justice, 15, 1-16.

Williams, M. L., Malos, S. B., & Palmer, D. K. (2002). Benefit system and benefit level satisfaction: An expanded model of antecedents and consequences. Journal of Management, 28, 195-215.

 back to top


Good Job or Dirty Work? Public Perceptions of Correctional Employment

Beale, C. (1996). Rural prisons: An update. Rural Development Perspectives, 11(2), 25-27.

Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009). Databases, Tables, and Calculators, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Retrieved April 24, 2009 from http://data.bls.gov/PDQ/servlet/ SurveyOutputServlet;jsessionid=f03041330 adaH$3F$3F2.

Dillman, D. (1978). Mail and telephone surveys: The total design method. New York: Basic Books.

Hauser, R., & Warren, J. (1996). Socioeconomic indexes for occupations: A review, update, and critique. CDE Working Paper 96-01. Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology.

Hooks, G., Mosher, C., Rotolo, T., & Lobao, L. (2004). The prison industry: Carceral expansion, and employment in U.S. counties, 1969-1994. Social Science Quarterly, 85, 37-57.

King, R., Mauer, M. & Huling, T. (2003, February) Big prisons, small towns: Prison economics in rural American. Retrieved July 14, 2004, from The Sentencing Project Web Site: http://www.sentencingproject.org/ pubs_06.cfm.

Nakao, K. & Treas, J. (1994). Updating occupational prestige and socioeconomic scores: How the new measures measure up. In Marsden, P. (Ed.), Sociological methodology, 1994 (pp. 1-72). Washington: American Sociological Association.

Lombardo, L. X. (1981). Guards imprisoned: Correctional officers at work. Elsevier, NY.

Perry, S. (2008). Justice Expenditure and Employment Statistical Extracts 2006, NCJ 224394. Filename cjee0602.csv and Filename cjee0608.csv. Selected Statistics, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Washington, D.C. Retrieved March 14, 2009 from http:// www.ojp.gov/bjs/eande.htm#selected.

Philiber, S. (1987). Thy brother's keeper: A review of the literature on correctional officers. Justice Quarterly, 4 (1), 9-37.

Quinn, R. & Staines, G. (1979). The 1977 quality of employment survey: descriptive statistics with comparison data from the 1969-70 and the 1972-73 surveys. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.

Toch, H. (1981). Forward. In Lombardo, L. Guards imprisoned: Correctional officers at work. Elsevier, NY.

Tully, B. & Morris, E. (1998, February). What does the public really think? A survey of the general public's perception of corrections yields some surprising results. Corrections Today, 59, 26-28 & 79.

U.S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2008, June). Occupational employment and wages, 2006. Retrieved March 15, 2009, from http://www.bls.gov/oes/ oes_pub_2006.htm.

 back to top


Predicting Juvenile Recidivism using the San Diego Regional Resiliency Check-up

Andrews, D. & Bonta, J. (1998). The psychology of criminal conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing.

Baird, C. (2009). A Question of Evidence: A Critique of Risk Assessment Models Used in the Justice System. Madison, WI: National Council on Crime and Delinquency.

Bogue, B., Campbell, N., & Clawson, E. (2004). Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Community Corrections: The Principles of Effective Intervention. Boston: Crime and Justice Institute.

Bonta, J., & Andrews, D. A. (2007). Risk, Need, Responsivity Model for Offender Assessment and Rehabilitation Canada.

Gottfredson, S. D., & Moriarty, L. J. (2006). Clinical Versus Actuarial Judgments in Criminal Justice Decisions: Should One Replace the Other? Federal Probation, 70(2).

Little, J. (n.d.). An Evaluation of the San Diego Risk and Resiliency Check Up: Social Science Data Analysis Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

Lowenkamp, C. T., & Latessa, E. J. (2004). Understanding the Risk Principle: How and Why Correctional Interventions Can Harm Low-Risk Offenders.

Turner, S., & Fain, T. (2006). Validation of the Risk and Resiliency Assessment Tool for Juveniles in the Los Angeles County Probation System. Federal Probation, 70(2), 49–57.

Vose, B., Cullen, F. T., & Smith, P. (2008). The Empirical Status of the Level of Service Inventory. Federal Probation, 72(3), 22–29.

back to top


New Directions in Juvenile Sex Offender Management: Designing a Collaborative Approach

Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA) (2001). Practice standards and guidelines for members of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers. Beaverton, OR: Author.

Berlin, F. S. (2000). The etiology and treatment of sexual offending. In D. H. Fishbein (Ed.), The science, treatment, and prevention of antisocial behaviors: Application to the criminal justice system (pp. 21.1-21.15). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute.

Bijleveld, C.C.J.H., Weerman, F. M., Looije, D. & Hendriks, J. (2007). Group sex offending by juveniles. European Journal of Criminology, 4, 5-30.

Burton, D.L. (2003). Male adolescents: Sexual victimization and subsequent sexual abuse. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20, 277-296.

Calley, N. G. (2008). Juvenile sex offenders and sex offender legislation: Unintended consequences. Federal Probation, 37-41.

Calley, N.G. (2007). Promoting an outcomes-based treatment milieu for juvenile sex offenders: A guided approach to assessment. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29, 121-143.

Center for Sex Offender Management (CSOM) (2002). An overview of sex offender management. Silver Spring, MD: Author.

Center for Sex Offender Management (2004). Comprehensive assessment protocol. Silver Spring, MD: Author.

Center for Sex Offender Management (CSOM) (2008). The comprehensive approach to sex offender management. Silver Spring, MD: Author.

D'Amora, D., & Burns-Smith, G. (1999). Partnering in response to sexual violence: How offender treatment and victim advocacy can work together in response to sexual violence. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11, 293-304.

English, K., Pullen, S., & Jones, L. (1996). Managing adult sex offenders: A Containment Approach. Lexington, KY: American Probation and Parole Association.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (2002). Uniform crime report. Washington DC: Author.

Grisso, T. & Underwood, L.A. (2004). Screening and assessing mental health and substance use disorders among youth in the juvenile justice system: A resource guide for practitioners. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Hiller, S. (1998). The problem with juvenile sex offender registration: The detrimental effects of public disclosure. Boston Public Interest Law Journal, 7, 271-293.

McGrath, R. J., Cumming, G. F., & Burchard, B. L. (2003). Current practices and trends in sexual abuser management: The Safer Society 2002 Nationwide Survey. Brandon, VT: Safer Society.

National Adolescent Perpetrator Network (NAPN) (1993). The revised report from the National Task Force on Juvenile Sexual Offending. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 44, 1-120.

O'Reilly, G. & Carr, A. (2006). Assessment and treatment of criminogenic needs. In The Juvenile Sex Offender (Eds. Barbaree, H.E. and Marshall, W. L.) (2nd edition). New York: The Guilford Press, pp. 189-218.

Petrosino, A. J. & Petrosino, C. (1999). The public safety potential of Megan's Law in Massachusetts: An assessment from a sample of criminal sexual psychopaths. Crime and Delinquency, 45, 140-158.

Prentky, R., Harris, B., Frizzell, K., & Righthand, S. (2000). An actuarial procedure for assessing risk with juvenile sex offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 71-92.

Sickmund, M., Snyder, H., & Poe-Yamagata, E. (August 1997) Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1997 Update on Violence. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Trivits, L. C. & Repucci, N. D. (2002). Application of Megan's Law to juveniles. American Psychologist, 57, 690-704.

Turoff, A. G. (2001). Throwing away the key on society's youngest offenders. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 91, 1127-1152.

Vasquez, B. E., Maddan, S., & Walker, J. T. (2008). The influence of sex offender registration and notification laws in the United States: A time-series analysis. Crime and Delinquency, 54, 175-192.

Veneziano, Veneziano, & LeGrand. (2003). The relationship between adolescent sex offender behaviors and victim characteristics with prior victimization. Violence and Victims, 15, 363-374.

Witt, P.H., Boslye, J.T., Hiscox, S. P.(2002). Evaluation of juvenile sex offenders. The Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 30, 569-592.

Worling, J.R., & Curwen, T. (2001). Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism, Ver. 2.0 Manual. Etobicoke, ON: Thistletown Regional Centre.

 back to top


Sexual Victimization and Requests for Assistance in Inmates Letters to the National Prison Rape Elimination Commision

Austin, J., Fabelo, T., Gunter, A., & McGinnis, K. (2006). Sexual Violence in the Texas Prison System. Washington, D.C.: JFA Institute.

Bassichis, M.D., & Spade, D. (ed.). (2007). It's War in Here: A Report on the Treatment of Transgender and Intersex People in New York State Men's Prisons. Sylvia Rivera Law Project, New York, New York.

Beck, A.J. & Harrison, P.M. (2006). Sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, 2005, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Washington, DC.

Beck, A.J., & Harrison, P.M. (2007). Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: Prison rape Elimination Act of 2003—Sexual Victimization in State and Federal Prisons reported by Inmates, 2007. NCJ 219414. December 2007. Washington, DC.: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Chonco, N.R. (1989). Sexual assaults among male inmates: A descriptive study. The Prison Journal. 69, 72-82.

Davis, A. J. (1968). Sexual assaults in the Philadelphia prison and sheriff 's vans. Trans-Action, 6, 8-16.

Dumond, Robert W. (2003). Confronting America's most ignored crime problem: The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. 31, 355.

Edney, R. (2004). To Keep me Safe from Harm? Transgender prisoners and the experience of imprisonment. Deacon Law Review, (Available at www.austlii.edu.au/journals/ DeakinLRev/2004/17.html)

Eigenberg, H.M. (1989). Male rape: An empirical examination of correctional officers' attitudes toward rape in prison. The Prison Journal, 6, 39-56.

Eigenberg, H. M. (2000). Correctional officers' and their perceptions of homosexuality, rape, and prostitution in male prisons. The Prison Journal, 80, 415-433.

Eigenberg, H. M. (2002). Prison Staff and Male Rape. In C. Hensley (Ed.), Prison Sex: Practice and Policy (pp. 49-67). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.

Fagan, T. J., Winnerstrom, D. and Miller, J. (1996). Sexual assault of male inmates: Prevention, identification, and intervention. Journal of Correctional Healthcare. 3, 49-63.

Fleisher, M.S., & Krienert, J. (2006). The Culture of Prison Sexual Violence. NCJ 216515. 2006. Washington, D.C. United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Gaes, G.G., & Goldberg, A.L. (2004). Prison Rape: A Critical Review of the Literature. Washington, D.C. United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Hensley. C., Koscheski, M., & Tewksbury, R. (2005). Examining the characteristics of male sexual assault targets in a southern maximum-security prison. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 667-669.

Hensley, C. & Tewksbury, R. (2005). Warden's perceptions of prison sex. The Prison Journal, 85, 186-197.

Human Rights Watch. (2001). No Escape: Male Rape in U.S. Prisons. New York: Human Rights Watch.

James, D.J. & Glaze, L. E. (2006). Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates. Washington, DC.: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Jenness, V., Maxon, C.L. Matsuda, K.N. & Sumner, J.M. (2007). Violence in California Correctional Facilities: An Empirical Examination of Sexual Assault. Sacramento: California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

Kunselman, J., Tewksbury, R., Dumond, R.W., & Dumond, D. A. (2002). Nonconsensual sexual behavior. In C. Hensley (ed.), Prison sex: practice and policy. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, chapter 3, pp.27-47.

Nacci, P. L., & Kane, T. R. (1984). Sex and sexual aggression in federal prisons: Inmate involvement and employee impact. Federal Probation, 48, 46-53.

National Institute of Corrections & the Moss Group, inc. (2006). Staff Perspectives on Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails: Investigations. Volume 2. prepared under: co-operative agreement no. 05S18GJ10. National Prison Rape Elimination Commission.

NPREC, (2007). National Prison Rape Elimination Commission. Retrieved March 5, 2008, from Overview and Commissioner Biographies Website: http://www.nprec.us/ About%20Docs/NPREC%20and%20 Commissioners.pdf

Parsell, T.J. (2006). Fish. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers.

Smith, B.V., & Yarussi, J.M. (2007). Breaking the Code of Silence: Correction officers' Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct. National Institute of Corrections. The NIC/WCL Project on addressing prison rape, Washington D.C.

Smith, N. & Batiuk, M. E. (1989). Sexual victimization and inmate social interaction. The Prison Journal, 69, 29-38.

Stop Prisoner Rape (2007a). Call for Change: Protecting the Rights of LGBTQ Detainees. Los Angeles, CA: Stop Prisoner Rape, May 2007.

Stop Prisoner Rape (2007b). SPR Fact Sheet: LGBTQ Detainees Chief Targets for Sexual Abuse in Detention. Los Angeles, CA: Stop Prisoner Rape.

Tewksbury, R. & Potter, R.H. (2005). Transgender prisoners-A forgotten group. In Stan Stojkovic (ed.). Managing special population in jails and prisons. Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, chapter 15: 15-1 - 15-16.

Tewksbury, R. & West, A. (2000). Research on sex in prison during the late 1980s and early 1990s. The Prison Journal, 80, 368-378.

Wolff, N., Shi, J., Blitz, C., & Siegel, J. (2007a). Understanding sexual victimization inside prisons: Factors that predict risk. Criminology & Public Policy, 6, 201-231.

Wolff, N., Blitz, C., & Shi, J. (2007b). Rates of sexual victimization inside prison for people with and without mental disorder. Psychiatric Services, 58, 1087-1094.

Wooden, W.S., & Parker, J. (1982). Men behind bars: sexual exploitation in prison. New York, New York: Plenum Press.

 back to top



Revisiting The Society of Captives

Bennett, James (1959) Book review of The society of captives. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 322, 193-4.

Reisig, Michael (2001) “The champion, contender, and challenger: Top-ranked books in prison studies.” The Prison Journal, vol. 81, no. 3, 389–407.

Riley, John (2002) “The pains of imprisonment: Exploring a classic text with contemporary authors.” Journal of criminal justice education, vol. 13, no. 2, 443–61.

 back to top