Volume 77 Number 1
Federal Probation



Using Research to Improve Pretrial Justice and Public Safety: Results from PSA’s Risk Assessment Validation Project

  1. Van Nostrand, M. (2007). Legal and Evidence-based Practices: Application of Legal Principles, Laws and Research. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Corrections. Bonta, J., & Hanson, R. (1995). Violent recidivism of men released from prison. Paper presented at the 103rd Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, New York, NY. Grove, W.M., Zald, D.H., Lebow, B.S., Snitz, B.E. and Nelson, C. (2000). Clinical versus mechanical prediction: A meta-analysis. Psychological Assessment, 12:19–30. “Introduction: Overview of current approaches to the prediction of violence.” In D. Brizer & M. Crowner (Eds.), Current approaches to the prediction of violence. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press, Inc. Cormier, R. B. (1997). Howe, E. (1994). Judged person dangerousness as weighted averaging, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24(14), 1270–1290. Litwack, T., Kirschner, S., and Wack, R. (1993). The assessment of dangerousness and predictions of violence: Recent research and future prospects, Psychiatric Quarterly, 64(3), 245–271.
  2. VanNostrand, M. (2003). Assessing Risk Among Pretrial Defendants in Virginia: The Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument. Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services. Siddiqi, Q. (2006). Final Report: Predicting the Likelihood of Pretrial Re-arrest for Violent Felony Offenses and Examining the Risk of Pretrial Failure among New York City Defendants: An Analysis of the 2001 Dataset. New York City Criminal Justice Agency. Lowenkamp, Lemke, and Latessa (December, 2008). The Development and Validation of a Pretrial Screening Tool. Federal Probation, Vol. 72 (3): 2–9. Pretrial Justice Institute (August 11, 2009) 2009 Survey of Pretrial Services Programs. KiDeuk, K., Bhati, A., & Denver, M. (2012). Final Report: Development and Validation of Risk Assessment Instruments for Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia. Washington, DC.