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Federal Judgeships

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Article III Judgeships

Court

Total Number of Judgeships

Supreme Court
9
Court of Appeals 179
District Courts
(includes territorial courts*)
677
Court of International Trade
9
TOTAL
874
* Judges in territorial courts (Virgin Islands, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands) are Article I judges with term appointments.

The work of the federal courts touches upon many of the most significant issues affecting the American people, and federal judges exercise wide authority and discretion in the cases over which they preside. This section offers information on how federal judgeships are created, how judges are chosen, a summary of judicial vacancies, and provides basic information on judicial compensation, the history of judges and judgeships, and judicial biographies.