Federal Probation Journal - June 2015
This Issue in Brief
Towards an Empirical and Theoretical Understanding of Offender Reinforcement and Punishment
By Charles Robinson, Melanie S. Lowenkamp, Christopher T. Lowenkamp, Mikayla N. Lowenkamp
The role of the community supervision officer has evolved from a condition-driven brokerage and monitoring specialist to a risk-focused direct service interventionist using behavioral change strategies. To make their interactions with offenders more effective, officers need to better understand how offenders in general and individual offenders in particular regard particular reinforcements and punishments. The authors administered a survey to clients currently under supervision to begin the process of better understanding this.
Perceptions of Probation and Police Officer Home Visits During Intensive Probation Supervision
By Leanne F. Alarid
The author studied a program of police officer and county probation officer home visits of offenders during intensive probation supervision of both juveniles and adults. She used ride-alongs, participant interviews, and official agency data to research whether home visits allow probation officers to detect probation violations sooner and whether they change the behaviors of probationers. She concluded that there were more perceived benefits for high-risk youth than for adults.
Untapped Resources: What Veteran Services Officers Can Provide for Probation and Parole
By Anne S. Douds, Eileen M. Ahlin
Recent data suggest that 9 percent of inmates are military veterans (there is no comparable data for those under community corrections). A multitude of benefits and community resources supportive of rehabilitation, treatment efforts, and analogous life skills are available to probationers and parolees with prior military service. The authors describe how veteran services officers can assist justice-involved veterans and the probation and parole officers who supervise them.
Mental Health Courts in Illinois: Comparing and Contrasting Program Models, Sanction Applications, Information Sharing, and Professional Roles
By Monte D. Staton, Arthur J. Lurigio
The authors present a study of mental health court programs in Illinois, which were launched in 2004. They gather data on the adjudicatory and supervisory models of the nine MHC programs operating in Illinois by 2010, using data from surveys, focus group interviews, and field observations.
National Public Registry of Active-Warrants: A Policy Proposal
By David M. Bierie
Increasing the efficiency of warrant investigations would return substantial benefits to taxpayers. It could increase voluntary surrender among wanted persons, expedite the ability of citizens to offer tips, and address such high-cost problems as risk of false arrests due to errors in warrant databases. The author discusses the feasibility and advantages of a national public registry of active warrants as a way to address these needs.
All Implementation Is Local: Initial Findings from the Process Evaluation of the Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Demonstration Field Experiment
By Gary Zajac, Pamela K. Lattimore, Debbie Dawes, Laura Winger
In this article the authors report on the process evaluation of the HOPE Demonstration Field Experiment, a set of four pilots funded by the Bureau of Justice and the National Institute of Justice to test the effectiveness of programs replicating the Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement program. This article draws on qualitative interviews with key stakeholders to provide critical insight into the mechanics of HOPE implementation at the four sites and draw lessons that might be transferred to other sites seeking to implement HOPE in the future.
Celebrating the 90th Anniversary of the Federal Probation System
The Federal Probation System: The Second 25 Years
By Ben S. Meeker
As part of our celebration of the 90th anniversary of federal probation this year (as well as the 40th anniversary of federal pretrial services and the 10th anniversary of federal probation and pretrial service’s National Training Academy), we reprint an article that originally appeared in the June 1975 Special Golden Anniversary Issue of Federal Probation. The article describes the development of the federal probation system from 1950 to 1975.