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Guide to Writing Closing Arguments

Purpose: To persuade the jurors to adopt your view of the significance of the evidence and your view of the case. Attorneys are free to argue the merits of their case: “As we know from Witness A’s compelling testimony, Event X occurred, which clearly establishes who should be held responsible in this case.”

To the jurors: You have seen and heard the factual evidence in this case. I would like to review with you the key evidence presented today.


1. Factual Evidence

   How it supports your case


2. Factual Evidence

How it supports your case



3. Factual Evidence

How it supports your case


Comments on the credibility of witnesses:


How do the puzzle pieces of evidence and testimony fit into a compelling whole? This is your narrative of what happened.



Bottom Line: Why should the jurors decide in favor of your client?



DISCLAIMER: These resources are created by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts for educational purposes only. They may not reflect the current state of the law, and are not intended to provide legal advice, guidance on litigation, or commentary on any pending case or legislation.