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Creating a Supervision Tool Kit: How to Improve Probation and Parole

Volume 77 Number 1
June 2013

Recent research reveals two "tools" that probation and parole officers can use in their interactions with supervisees to lessen recidivism: building quality relationships with offenders and using risk-need-responsivity (RNR) principles to guide the content of office visits. The authors encourage systematic efforts to expand the number of evidence-based tools that officers can employ to improve the effectiveness of offender supervision.