Residential Reentry Centers Reference Guide
This guide provides background information, a legal framework, operational information, and policy considerations for use of residential reentry centers in the federal criminal justice system.
The federal judiciary relies on Residential Reentry Centers (RRCs), also known as halfway houses or community correctional facilities, during various phases in the federal criminal justice system. RRCs are operated by vendors under contract with the probation and pretrial services offices (pretrial) or the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) (post-conviction). They are used as an alternative to pretrial detention, for alternative (non-custodial) sentences, as a prerelease option from incarceration, and as an intermediate sanction for noncompliance by persons under supervision. RRCs can provide a safe, structured, and supervised environment for individuals. RRCs further provide employment counseling, job placement, financial management assistance, and other programs and services. Placement in a RRC comes with hope that the individual will maintain or rebuild ties to the community and not recidivate.
This guide provides historical information on RRCs, a legal framework for use of RRCs, RRC operational information, and policy considerations for use of RRCs in the federal criminal justice system.1
History of RRCs
The BOP’s first established halfway houses, better known as “Pre-Release Guidance Centers,” were run by BOP staff and focused on youthful inmates. Following the Federal Prisoner Rehabilitation Act of 1965, the BOP expanded the program to include adults, and renamed halfway houses “Community Treatment Centers” (CTCs). By 1967, five CTCs were operated by contractors. In 1981, due to staff reductions, the BOP eliminated CTCs run by BOP staff, choosing to rely solely on contract providers. Later CTCs were renamed as Residential Reentry Centers (RRCs).2
Download the full document (pdf) or explore different sections below.
- Alternative to Pretrial Detention
- Alternative to Incarceration/Probation
- Prerelease Custody
- Post-Conviction Supervision
- Intermediate Sanction
- RRC Placement and Housing Under the Second Chance Act
- Sample Language for Pretrial Release to a RRC as an Alternative to Detention
- Sample Language for Order of RRC as an Alternative to Incarceration
- Sample Language for Order of RRC as a Condition of Post-Conviction Supervision