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Individuals with Mental Illnesses in the Criminal Legal System: Complex Issues and Best Practices

Volume 86 Number 1
June 2022

Individuals on probation who have severe and persistent mental illnesses face complex challenges related to housing, substance use, unemployment, trauma, and comorbid physical health challenges, as well as symptoms of mental illnesses that make them more difficult to supervise. The authors review evidence-based interventions designed to improve outcomes for justice-involved individuals with mental illnesses, including motivational interviewing, housing first, assertive community treatment, and supported employment.