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U.S. Court of International Trade - Judicial Business 2014

The jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of International Trade extends throughout the United States. The majority of the cases the court hears address the classification and valuation of imported merchandise, customs duties, and alleged unfair import practices by trading partners.

In 2014, the court reported 301 case filings, a decrease of 35 percent (down 160 cases) from the previous year. Of these, 157 were actions involving 752 denied protests covering 7,035 entries of merchandise under 28 U.S.C. § 1581(a), which covers civil actions filed against the United States that contest the denial of a protest under the Tariff Act of 1930.

Case terminations rose 31 percent to 544. As terminations exceeded filings, pending cases decreased 3 percent to 2,206.

From 2010 to 2014, filings have fallen 30 percent. However, filings frequently vary from year to year because of fluctuations in cases arising from the agencies that are the sources of filings in this court.

For data on filings in the U.S. Court of International Trade, see Table G-1.