U.S. Court of International Trade — Judicial Business 2020
The geographic jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of International Trade extends throughout the United States. Most of the cases this court hears involve antidumping and countervailing duties, the classification and valuation of imported merchandise, actions to recover unpaid customs duties and civil penalties, and various actions arising generally under the tariff laws.
In 2020, this court reported 3,670 case filings, an increase of 1,546 percent (up 3,447 cases). Of these cases, 65 were actions involving 488 denied protests covering 3,984 entries of merchandise under 28 U.S.C. § 1581(a), which applies to civil actions filed against the United States to contest the denial of protests under the Tariff Act of 1930. In 2020, 110 cases filed under 28 U.S.C. § 1581(c) were actions brought against the United States to contest final determinations issued under the antidumping and countervailing duty laws. This year 3,491 cases filed under 28 U.S.C. § 1581(i) were actions brought against the United States that mainly addressed tariff laws and the administration and enforcement of those laws.
Case terminations decreased 24 percent from 631 in 2019 to 482 in 2020. Pending cases increased 294 percent to 4,271 in 2020.
Filings were 1,259 percent higher in 2020 than in 2016. However, filings frequently vary from year to year because of fluctuations in cases arising from the agencies that are sources of filings in this court.
For data on filings in the U.S. Court of International Trade, see Table G-1.